How Did the Constitution Guard Against Tyranny?
What do you think tyranny means? When we think of tyranny, we consider its harsh absolute power in the hands of one individual, like King George III. In James Madison's argument for his support of the Constitution he wrote that "The accumulation of all power... in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many is the very definition of tyranny." In 1787, the framers came together in Philadelphia to write the Constitution to help guard against tyranny. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in several ways which were federalism, separation of power, checks and balances, and big states versus small states. The first guard against tyranny was federalism which means the federal principle of government. In the Federalist Paper #51 James Madison wrote that “In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and the portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departments." (Doc. A). Madison's idea was known as Federalism, the division of power between central and state governments. Federalism provides a double security to the people by the arise of the people’s rights. Central and state governments have shared and separate powers. For instant, both governments set up courts and pass laws. Powers given to the Central Government were regulate trade, declaring war, setting up post offices, and making immigration laws. Powers given to the states were holding elections, setting up local governments, passing marriages and divorce laws, and establishing schools. Federalism protects against tyranny because both governments were equal and gave people a say in the government. A second guard against tyranny was separation of power which means the government divided into three branches. They separated the government into the executive branch, legislative branch, and judicial branch. In the Federalist Paper #47 James Madison said...
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