Hitler’s Rise to Power
How did Hitler rise to power (1933) and consolidate his power (1934)?
When the First World War ended on November 11th 1918; many Germans were put into poverty due to the massive costs of the war. Millions of dying and hungry Germans caused the public to turn to radical political views. A crucial point on the agenda of many Germans was to find a culprit, someone to blame for all the problems that hit Germany after the war. One of these post-war radical parties was the DAP, the German Workers Party, they felt that the post-war ills of Germany were to blame on the Jews and Marxist. The now-renowned Adolf Hitler was a member of the German Workers Party in 1919 and he experi-enced an increase in popularity over the next few years because of his way of holding speech-es. In this period after the war many Germans were very angry, and so was Hitler, in his speeches he would shout and get angry to the pleasure of many angry onlookers. Hitler was a very charismatic speaker and watching his speeches was a very good outlet of anger and ha-tred for his audience. In his speeches Hitler told the people what they wanted to hear his speeches seemed to ensure the Germans of a better future, and hence his popularity skyrock-eted. Leading up to Hitler’s chancellorship in 1933 there was a series of events that helped Hitler gain the support of the German public. One of which was the hyperinflation in 1923 caused by the French invasion of the Ruhr turned Germany into a crisis state. The German population were very displeased with the Republic because they felt that the democracy were taking no effective action to better the economical situation in Germany. The Germans were in desperate need of a leader, a so-called “strong man” to make solid decisions. In 1924 the Treaty ‘spirit’ of Locarno was signed, Germany took massive loans from the USA, this was viewed by many Germans as ‘Weimar decadence’. The German Wandervogel protested against this modern world longing for old-fashioned values, Hitler saw this as an opportunity to form the Hitler Jügend, another way to spread his ideology. In 1929 another crisis struck, the Wall Street Crash; five major banks crashed in the USA causing them to call back all their loans. This had a major effect on Germany, leaving them in great deficit and not least enor-mous unemployment; around 5.5 million Germans were unemployed. As a result the Germans were even more desperate and even more likely to fall back on a radical solution. The Great Depression 1929, turned the Nazi movement into a massive movement in Germany, within just four years the party had gone from a smaller party with a small follow-ing to being by far the most popular party in a multi-party state. The main reason that the Na-zi popularity exploded during the period of depression was because they exploited the discon-tent of the German population by telling the German population exactly what they wanted to hear. It was a pretty easy task to tell the people what they wanted because Hitler’s racist, na-tionalist and anti-democratic ideology reached a very wide spectrum of German people, espe-cially the very large, angry and disappointed German middle class. Post-war, the Weimar Republic experienced a massive decrease in popularity amongst the German public due to signing of the ‘Diktat’ of Versailles. The Weimar repub-lic’s chances of surviving after the First World War were very slim but the final hope of dem-ocratic survival died when the Nazi-party gained the largest amount of votes in the Reichstag election mid-July 1932. During the election period Hitler’s campaigning was by far the most effective during the election. The German population were very impressed by his use of mod-ern propaganda technique: ie, use of radio as a tool to reach a wider demographic. During the election in 1932, Hitler visited 20 cities in 7 days, this new and fresh way of spreading ideol-ogy was very well received amongst the public and...
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