How Did Alexander II Became The Tsar?

Good Essays
When Alexander II became the Tsar, Russia was in total disarray. Her once widely respected and feared army was humiliated on the battlefields in the Crimean Peninsula, 80% of the people were in poverty and illiterate. Russia was still stuck in the middle ages while the rest of Europe was steaming in through the Industrial Era. Alexander II saw this as a need for change, primarily in response to the Crimean War, however to be able to do this, he also had to change the Russian society, therefore in 1861 he abolished serfdom, becoming the most significant events in Imperial Russian history, giving him the name as the ‘Tsar Liberator’ (Watts, Peter, History Review, 2014). However, although Alexander II’s reforms did pave the way for a more educated, …show more content…
Revolts were frequent, 1467 of them since 1800. Nicholas I saw this and created nine secret committees to find a way to end serfdom. Alexander II was part of one of those committees. He was also there to be the acting Tsar when Nicholas I was away. Therefore Alexander II was the most prepared heir to the Tsar the empire has ever had. Alexander made a very good start in change when he became Tsar. He stopped all army recruitment, which meant it was no longer forced to enter the army, nor was it a punishment for crimes. Applying for military was completely voluntary. Alexander also released all of the Decembrists, who are people who tried to overthrow his father in 1825 and the Poles, who revolted in 1830. He also lifted restrictions for travelling, 26,000 passports were granted in 1859. Allowing people to travel to Western Europe and learning more about liberal culture and allowing Russia to catch up with the rest of …show more content…
These reforms included rapid growth in public schools. Reforms in elementary schools included structural changes, which means the school now has independent management, however the curriculum was still monitored. For example, religion, writing and mathematics were considered as ‘safe’ subject. However foreign languages and history were avoided. Secondary schools had an increase in number of students in 800,000. These students will eventually become university students. In 5 years, from 1855 to 1860, Alexander was able to increase students attending university by 2000 people. And within 40 years, increased the number of students by a staggering 2000%, successfully catching up with other countries and dramatically raising the literacy rate of the country. However the problem with these reforms is that censorship was still a major issue in the contents of the curriculum, and because of Russia’s terrible past, her citizens would want a new leader. Alexander knew that if he lifted censorship completely, he would expose the Tsar’s weaknesses to the public and his gaol to preserve the Tsar would fail. However he also needed to satisfy the citizens by removing censorship. Therefore he made sure that all the curriculum contents were checked by the ‘Mir’, an official who monitors education and has contact with the Tsar. This allows the Tsar to still have an understanding of what is being taught to the next generations,

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Tsar Alexander Ii

    • 1164 Words
    • 5 Pages

    measures of reform did not disguise his belief in the need to maintain autocratic rule.” To what extent do you agree with this point of view? Tsar Alexander II had many reforms. He was an autocratic ruler who began his reforms in Russia in 1855. Some claim that his reforms were proof of his liberal attitude and others argue that he was primarily a traditionalist, this essay will explore to what extent both of arguments are accurate depictions of “The last great tsar.” When Alexander II came to power…

    • 1164 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Did Alexander II deserve the title “Tsar Liberator”? Taking control of autocratic Russia in 1855, Alexander II was the successor to his father Tsar Nicolas I having been trained his entire life to take on the role. During his reign as Tsar, Alexander passed many reforms all of which varied in political, social and economic stance. His most famous reform was deemed to be that of the emancipation of the Serfs, gaining him the title ‘Tsar Liberator’ as many believed that his effort to free those who…

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander III was the ruler who did the most to transform Russia in the period 1855 to 1914. How far do you agree? There are three Tsars that had many ideas and plan to transform Russia in the period 1855 to 1914. Alexander II, Alexander III and Nicholas II all made reforms to transform and modernise Russia so that it economy was up to date with the rest of Europe. When Alexander II came into power Russia had become involved in the Crimean War, a conflict fought primarily in the Crimean peninsula…

    • 564 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Improvements in green To what extent did Alexander III reverse the reforms of his predecessor Alexander II? In many respects, there is no doubt that Alexander III was the most effective Tsar in such the short reign that he had. He was referred to as a reactionary, unlike his father Alexander II who was known as a reformer. He managed to please the people with his Russian figure and attitude, he changed their attitude and he made tsarism look all the better, all in a short period of time. Despite…

    • 1426 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tsar Nicholas II

    • 2427 Words
    • 7 Pages

    In 1894, at the age of 26, Nicholas II became Tsar of Russia as a result of his father, Alexander III's, passing away. When he acquired the throne he cried because he wasn't ready to be king. Spoken by Nicholas himself, he said, “I am not yet ready to be Tsar. I know nothing of the business of ruling” (Lieven, 1993). However, ascending the throne was something that Nicholas had to do with no other choice in the matter. Before Nicholas became Tsar the people of Russia already disliked the Romanov…

    • 2427 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    tsar nicholas II

    • 3119 Words
    • 13 Pages

    Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia. He was deposed during the Russian Revolution and executed by the Bolsheviks. Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov was born near St Petersburg on 18 May 1868, the eldest son of Tsar Alexander III. When he succeeded his father in 1894, he had very little experience of government. In the same year, Nicholas married Princess Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstadt (a duchy in Germany). They had four daughters and a son, Alexis, who suffered from the disease haemophilia. Alexandra…

    • 3119 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Tsar Alexander I: The Growth of Russia and its French Influences Tsar Alexander I, an intelligent, handsome, benevolent, and aspiring leader ascended onto the Russian throne in 1801 to become one of Russia’s greatest reformers and military leaders. The Tsar who defeated the French Empire was profoundly influenced by their domestic and foreign affairs, leading his vision of Russia to enhance and protect the revolutionary ideals of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. Initially…

    • 3013 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    TO WHAT EXTENT DOES TSAR ALEXANDER II DESERVE THE TITLE “TSAR LIBERATOR”? Tsar of Russia from 1818 to 1881. Son of Nicholas I ascended the throne in 1855. Signed in Paris (1856) the peace that ended the Crimean War began the construction of a vast program of reforms. Open to ideas of social renewal, emancipated the serfs (1861) without satisfy the peasantry, which was granted in usufruct, with a strong payment of ransom, only a portion of the lands they occupied. Instituted the Zemstvo, provincial…

    • 1290 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Does Alexander II truly deserve the title of liberator? To liberate is to set free (a group or individual) from legal, social or political restrictions. There is evidence to suggest that he disliked serfdom. Even his father, Nicholas I, believed that serfdom was an “evil palpable to all,” and Alexander II was certainly even more liberally educated than his father. His arguably most fundamental reform was the emancipation of serfdom in 1861. As he said, “It is best to abolish serfdom from above…

    • 1724 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Tsar Nicholas Ii

    • 377 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Notes: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia from 1894 till 1917 when he abdicated following the revolution in March 1917. Nicholas II inherited Russia when it was in a very bad state, and although there were minor improvements during his reign, compared to many other countries it was very backward, perhaps then it was almost defiantly inevitable that sudden change was going to happen, however not necessarily in the form of revolution. The Tsar was in a difficult situation, but he had opportunities to end…

    • 377 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays