How will Diabetes Affect Our Body and Lives?
HS200 Section #4
Unit 4 Capstone Project: Diabetes
May 12, 2014
The first steps in understanding your diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes is understanding the disease and how it affects you. What do you need to know? First, you will need to know what diabetes is and how it affects your body and your life. You will need to know what type of diabetes you have. Next you have to know how to manage your health, treat your diabetes, know when your treatment is successful and what to do when it’s not. Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is autoimmune disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. T1D is usually diagnosed in children and young adults but can be diagnosed in adults and also known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have type 1. Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body doesn’t produce the insulin it needs. The pancreas either produces to little or none at all. Insulin is a hormone needed by cells to allow glucose (sugar) to enter them to produce energy. Insulin is how we get energy from the food we eat. When the pancreas doesn’t produce the insulin our body needs the sugar builds up in the bloodstream and it can lead to life threatening complications. The population of people that have Diabetes in the United States is 25.8 million children and adults. 8.3% of population has been diagnosed with a form of Diabetes. The Greeks described diabetes as the disease that causes the body to melt into sugar water. The cause of the disease has not been fully determined. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune systems by mistake attacks the beta cells that produce insulin. Therefore the body can’t make its own insulin and the body has too much glucose in the blood and raises the blood sugar to high which is known as Type 1 Diabetes. Whatever causes Type 1 Diabetes, its deleterious effects can be prevented. The earlier the diagnosis and the earlier sugar levels are maintained at a normal level the better off you will feel. Some risk factors for developing diabetes is family history. Diabetes can be hereditary. The risk is higher if the father has Diabetes and having and mother that is older and had preeclampsia during pregnancy. Also having other autoimmune disorders such as Graves Disease or Hashimoto’s (a form of hypothyroidism) Addison’s, Multiple Sclerosis or Pernicious Anemia can also increase the risk of developing diabetes. Presence of certain genes increases the risk for developing diabetes. Exposure to certain viral infections may lead to the destruction of the islet cells which causes diabetes. It has been thought that vitamin d may protect against diabetes and early intake of cow’s milk can lead to increased risk of developing diabetes. There are other dietary factors that may lead to the risk of Type 1 Diabetes like introducing baby cereal to an infant to early or drinking water with nitrates in it. The highest rate of the diagnosis type 1 diabetes has been found among the caucasian youth. In order for our bodies to function properly we need to maintain stable blood glucose levels. Our body gets the sugars and carbohydrates from the foods we eat. Our body then converts the sugars and carbohydrates into glucose which is then converted to energy to fuel our body. We need energy for all of our bodily functions from our nerve cells all the way down to our bodies cellular level. In order to maintain a good glucose level the pancreas. produces two different hormones known as insulin and glucagon. There is a normal daily balance of insulin and glucagon in your blood. After you eat a meal your body takes the amino acids, fatty acids, and glucose from the food you ear. As you digest it your body triggers the pancreas to release insulin into your blood this process tells the pancreas not to release glucagon into the blood to encourage the use of glucose for...
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