How Ancient Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Christian Philosophy and Law Shaped the Democratic Development of the United States of America

Good Essays
Ancient Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Christian philosophy and law have shaped the democratic development of the United States of America. The ancient Greeks first had the idea of a democracy, or government by the people, which contributed to the democratic development of the United States. The ancient Romans set up a new government called a republic, in which the people chose some government officials, this also contributed to the democratic development of the United States. The ancient Israelites (Ancient Judaic People) came up with the idea of universally accepted moral and ethical principles backed up by a system of justice, which is a concept shown in the United States government today. Ancient Christian philosophy exhibits moral and ethical principles such as justice which contributed to the democratic development of the United States. This paper will further examine how each of these ancient cultures contributed their philosophies and laws to shape the democratic development of the United States.
The ancient Greeks first had the idea of a democracy, or government by the people. Democracy first took root in a Greek city-state called Athens which was an aristocracy at first (Page 10, P.1). However, Athens moved towards a democracy because of citizens’ discontent with the current government (Page 10, P. 2). One Athenian tyrant named Cleisthenes made his assembly a genuine legislature, which is an idea that the United States government uses today (Page 11, P. 1). Another idea that the United States government got from the ancient Greeks is the idea of a jury, which is a panel of citizens who have the authority to make the final judgment in a trial (Page 13, P. 1). This is how the ancient Greeks contributed to the democratic development of the United States, other aspects of our government were adopted from yet another civilization, the ancient Romans.
The ancient Romans set up a new government called a republic, in which the people chose some government

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Prompt: Compare and contrast Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian influence on democracy considering the role of the individual, government, and their contributions in a well written essay of 3-4 pages…

    • 426 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Ancient Greek and Roman governments were pretty much the very first example of a Democratic government leading our government to become what it is now in the United States. Document A, which was part of a speech given by the Roman general Scipio in which he spoke about the system of the Roman government, he talked about how the constitution that Romans had was not created by an individuals. It also talks about the nobles who acted as representatives of the people and how their choices were not made without the consent of the citizens. This is like our modern government because our constitution was made by a group officials and not just one person, so there were many views, just like the Romans had. Our governments are also run by the representatives who listen to and support the ideas that the citizens have. Today we also have some of the same rights and opinions that the governments had then. Document B, which is a quote from an ancient Greek statesman, Pericles, tells what place the people had to him in the Greek Government when he said, “We do not say that a man who takes no interest in politics is a man who minds his own business; we say that he has no business here at all.” What he is trying to say is that it is the job of the citizens to be involved in the government, or they don’t have the right to complain about what the government does. Today, everybody is expected to take part in the politics of our government, even if it is doing something that is as simple as taking the time to vote in the…

    • 806 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In 507 B.C. an Athenian leader named Clisthenes introduced political reforms that introduced democracy. Democracy means “rule by the people,” and the citizens vote to decide the rules of their country. The Greeks, especially the Athenians who founded democracy, provided citizenship, public education, and most importantly, freedom of speech. In order for there to be democracy, the citizens must feel safe in expressing their views and in criticizing the government. Even though democracy disappeared from history after the fall of Athens until the 1700s in America, its concept still hasn’t changed from time and it became Greece’s most enduring contributions to the world.…

    • 507 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Humanism In Greek Art

    • 644 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Greeks displayed their humanistic values through government by they utilizing an effective system of self governing. This system was a direct democracy, which is defined as “government by the people” or “rule of the majority.” In the Athenian Democracy, the Assembly was…

    • 644 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The word democracy is derived from two Greek words, demos, which means people, and kratos, which means rule. Today the word has come to mean exactly that, ruled by the people. Many ancient political Greek philosophers would use the phrase "the governors are to be governed" which we can relate to today. Even though the Greek's notion of democracy is dramatically different from our current democracy, it has been one of the most influential philosophies that have shaped the political thought of the United States. Ironically the term democracy is the most used term to describe the American government even though it has little meaning in our government today.…

    • 606 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    One thing that the ancient Greek affected western civilization is politics. It was the Greeks who developed a democracy, they were the very first. Pericles stated that he wanted all citizens to have an equal opportunity to serve the public. In both the US democracy and the Greeks democracy, political privilege can be use by citizens. (Doc.3). An example of a political privilege can be use by citizens in Greek was that laws were voted upon and to able to nominate by the assembly of all citizens. In the US when citizens are 18 and older they are granted the right to vote. In the US most of the democratic system that the government uses is either identical or very similar to the Ancient Greek system.…

    • 382 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Democracy surfaced in Greece around 500 B.C. This is what is known as rule by people or rule by all. It was developed by the Athens by K and others. It was based on the principle that all citizens of the city-state of Athens had right to attend…

    • 516 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Ancient Greeks made many contributions to Western Civilization in the area of Government. Government is a system of control citizens, societies and states. It is important to have a government so you can control society as well as your armed forces for protection. As seen in document 3, which is a excerpt from Pericles' funeral oration, the ancient greeks were one of the first to have a democracy. Though the Athenians had a democracy it was limited and direct. This means that only males from the Aristocracy could vote and that there was a lottery to determine who would vote. As seen in document 6, which is from the play Antigione by Sophocles, the quotes show that when you defy a tyrant they will be mean This democracy also allowed social mobility and everyone was allowed to serve in the military. Government was not the only way the Ancient Greeks had contributions to Western Civilization.…

    • 521 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ccot Roman 100-600 Ad

    • 599 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The government of the Roman Empire had more or less stayed the same through 100 CE and 600 CE. The system was called the Roman Republic where the male citizens of the Roman Empire elected their leaders. In this system, there were senates, consuls, tribunes, perfects, and an Assembly of all male who were free and were Roman citizenship.…

    • 599 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Greek Democracy Dbq

    • 302 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The country of Greece, in 507 BC, was established with the idea of democracy. It…

    • 302 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Have you ever thought that the U.S. government is easily comparable to the Roman's version of government? Maybe that's because the U.S. government is roughly parallel with the Ancient Roman Government. The Romans did not have a constitution, like us Americans, but their division of executive, legislative, and judicial branches is similar. The Roman government served as a template for the American government. As you read further, you will see how the governmental structures, with detail, are similar by first making points on the American style contrasted with the Roman style of government.…

    • 1798 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    West and Greeks Dbq

    • 266 Words
    • 2 Pages

    One very important contribution Ancient Greeks had on Western culture was Democracy.The meaning of democracy in greek is "People rule" which means that the people could actually overthrow someone in higher power. Two good examples of this is the Hippocratic oath, "I will follow that which, according to my ability and judgment, I will consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is harmful," and famous speech given by the leader of Pericles given to his Athenians in about 430 B.C.E "Our plan of government favor the manu instead of the few; that is why it is called a democracy... While every citizen has an equal opportunity to serve the public, we reward our most distinguished citizens by asking them to make our political decisions...A man may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scare."…

    • 266 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Athens of ancient Greece had perhaps the most advanced system of government of the ancient world. The system of Athens was called a Democracy. That is, every citizen voted on everything. People have claimed that the United States is also a Democracy. This is not true. The government of the United States is a Constitutional Republic (Every). United States citizens vote for representatives, who then vote on the laws. They themselves are limited by a constitution. Democracy is a flawed government system. The Constitutional Republic is also flawed, however, it is better at safeguarding individual rights, when applied correctly. Therefore, a Constitutional Republic is a better system than a Democracy.…

    • 1662 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    A General Comparison between the Senate of Ancient Rome and the Senate of the United States Research Class…

    • 4122 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Greek Civilization Dbq

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Today in the Western civilizations they use a form of government called democracy. (Doc 3) There is a fragment from Pericles’ Funeral Oration. It describes Athens’ governmental plan. A system of government called democracy, where…

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays