WHO GAVE BIRTH TO HOUSE MUSIC, WHAT HAS INFLUENCED ITS CHANGES AND WHAT HAS DERIVED FROM IT?
11th December 2008 Word Count: 1675
As it was known for the culture to build music, nowadays different kinds of music build different cultures. Thus we have Pop culture, Rock culture, Electronic music culture etc.
As part of Electronic dance music, House music has managed to, over the years, develop its own culture. It became popular in mid 1980s especially among African-American, Latino and gay population who have build up its culture.
Influenced by disco, funk, synthpop and soul, house music has a prominent drum on every beat, 4/4 structure, and may also feature elements of synthesizer bassline, electronic drums and effects, funk and pop samples and vocals.
THE CRADLE OF HOUSE
In the early 1980s the only places where it was possible to hear traces of what is now known as House music were houses and garages. It has all began with the collapse of Disco music; people were generally intoxicated with hate and prejudice but there were two cubs which were ready to accept the new culture which did not care about race or sexual orientation. The two clubs where The Warehouse in Chicago and The Paradise Garage in New York. The Chicago club was presided over by DJ Frankie Knuckles; and the Paradise Garage in New York was presided over by DJ Larry Levan. Even though their styles were different, the two clubs and two DJs were connected with strong fight against the prejudice.
Levan and Knuckles are childhood friends from New York. Michael Brody who was the owner of the Paradise Garage considered Levan to be his right hand who being both, African-American and gay, was very successful in attracting streetwise African-Americans, Latinos and punks. Levan was offered to come and work in Chicago at the Warehouse, but he has rejected that offer and that position was offered to Knuckles who eventually accepted it.
By 1986 the house music has spread and there were not only two guys making it, but also many others. One of the new names was a club DJ Ron Hardy who was well known for his ‘Music Box’ sessions. He inspired a lot of new talented and hopeful producers who brought their tracks to him, hoping that they will be played out at the ‘Music Box’ nights. Unlike Frankie Knuckles whose music was still very much based in disco music, Hardy played music that was a great mixture of different styles and kinds of music based on raw and manic energy.
Inspired by him, in 1986 Farley ‘Jackmaster’ Funk started his own radio show at WBMX radio where House music was played every night. Larry Heard and Marshal Jefferson had their track ‘Move Your Body’ (1986) released and played on Farley ‘Jackmaster’ Funk’s show. This tune has become a House music anthem, and all of this has influenced House music to be released from the boundaries of gay and racial communities into mainstream and became international.
In 1987 Steve ‘Silk’ Hurley released a hit tune ‘Jack Your Body’ referring to the way of dancing to House music. In the same year Chuck Roberts released a new house music anthem ‘My House’ featuring the famous verse “….And while one day viciously throwing down his box, Jack boldly declared LET THERE BE HOUSE’
By 1987 house music has spread and became a part of the global music scene thanks to radio shows and music charts. By 1991 it became extremely popular in Europe, especially in the UK where the first place to listen to House music was a club called ‘Hacienda’. The clubs that followed this tradition were ‘Shoom’, ‘Spectrum’ and ‘Delirium’. Everything was acquired, from the sound to the energy. Even Frankie Knuckles, who had experienced many different performances from the early beginnings of House music, said that the atmosphere and the energy in Europe and the UK were similar to that in Chicago. By that he meant that...
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