Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is the main airport in Hong Kong; it is an important regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub and gateway between the Mainland China and the rest of Asia. And HKIA is the primary hub for several domestic airlines, such as Cathay Pacific Airways, Dragonair, Hong Kong Express Airways, etc.
Review the history, HKIA has won seven Skytrax World Airport Awards for customer satisfaction in just ten years (Skytrax, 2010), the second busiest airport in the world in terms of cargo traffic and the 13th busiest airport worldwide in terms of passenger throughput in 2009 (Airports Council International, 2010). This is the strong evidence to proof that HKIA was entering to the World-Class International Airport and we can estimate its development effectively.
In this essay, I will go to evaluate the hub airport development of the Hong Kong International Airport, also try to analyze the overall performance and the relevant statistics with other major hub airport to make the comparison and some opinions.
The passenger throughput and cargo traffic in HKIA is developed in tremendous speed in past 10 years. In view of this, the Airport Authority Hong Kong was going to build up some supporting facilities to strengthen its competitiveness, such as Terminal 2, North Satellite Terminal, SkyPier and planning to construct the third runway, etc. This is a very active operation to maintain and develop the position as a hub airport while compare with other major hub airport around the world.
There are several major hub airports in Southeast Asia, like the Singapore Changi Airport and the Beijing Capital International Airport, etc. No matter what the passenger and cargo throughput, facilities, connection architecture and awards; it is competed so intensively with the HKIA.
First of all, I will go to analysis the development trend of passenger throughput in the HKIA. In the early of 2000’s, the operation of HKIA was back on the train after the transition period from the Kai Tak Airport.
Base on the statistics, the total passenger in 2001 was 32,546,029 and ranking 17 (Airports Council International, 2002). After one year, the throughput increase 4.1% to 33,882,463 and the ranking climb to 15 (Airports Council International, 2003). But in 2003, the passenger drop about 20% to 27,092,290 since the influence of SARS (Airports Council International, 2004). The HKIA was suffered a huge loss in this year, such as the passenger, cargo and economic, etc. Luckily, the recession has to undergo only one year, and it rise up again in the next year. In 2004, the PAX increase 25.5% to 36,711,920 (Airports Council International, 2005), and the trend continues to increase until 2009. The other statistics which in 2005 increase 9.7% to 40,269,847 (Airports Council International, 2006), 2006 increase 8.9% to 43,857,908 (Airports Council International, 2007), 2007 increase 7.3% to 47,042,419 (Airports Council International, 2008), 2008 increase 1.7% to 47,857,746 (Airports Council International, 2009). And the trend was adjust lightly in 2009, which is decrease 5% to 45,499,604 (Airports Council International, 2010). The phenomenon was anticipated since the outbreak of H1N1 influenza made the economic slowdown in whole world.
Apart from these passenger throughput data, we can analysis the HKIA was very successful as a passenger hub airport, even in Asia. Since the passenger flow was increase equably in past 10 years. And its ranking is good enough which represent the Asia hub airport.
And here is the diagram to compare the PAX throughput between HKIA and Changi Airport. [pic]
The above diagram shows the passenger traffic comparison between two major hub airports in Asia. Both of them are keeping the ascending trend since 2002, and the top 30 ranking.
As we know that, the Singapore Changi Airport had the long term history and winning over 340 awards in a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007. Also, with 80 airlines...
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