Homosexuality - Nature VS Nurture

Topics: Homosexuality, Gay, Sexual orientation Pages: 11 (2225 words) Published: January 25, 2015
How well is Homosexuality being accepted in today’s society?

In this day and age where technology is fast improving and more people receiving proper education, we would expect society to be more liberal but that is not always the case. Through news articles posted on social media sites, I have read about homosexual people being heavily punished and even put to death for being different. One particular article had a ghastly video attached that filmed how a gay African man was prosecuted in public and it did not sit well with me. It is pretty hard to remain ignorant. We may not witness gay bashing in our society but that does not mean it is not happening in the world around us. Some of these brutal events are happening in developed countries and it triggered me to research on the acceptance of homosexuality in today’s society.

Before I could focus on the reception of homosexuality in different cultures, I first needed to learn more about the causes of homosexuality. According to LeVay (2012), a neuroscientist, homosexuality is an innate feature of humans for the most part. He claims that genes account for no more than half of the homosexual trait. LeVay then further explains that the “remaining causes include hormonal factors operating during fetal life -- factors that may not be under genetic control.”

In a surprising poll conducted over two days suggested otherwise. Of 646 respondents, more than 70% said that homosexuals choose to be homosexual (Steward, 2007). In my extensive research, I found that there is no defining answer as to why homosexuals exist. However, most articles that claim homosexuality as a choice come without scientific research or reason.

I then wondered if homosexuality existed in the early ages when we did not have a lot of knowledge. Indeed, records show that homosexuality existed even in ancient times through rock carvings and pottery from the Peruvian Mochican culture that dates more than 2000 years ago (Gregersen, 1983). It is interesting to know that some concepts of homosexuality intertwined with myths (Murray, 2000, p. 105) and some explicitly documented by explorers of the early ages (Rice, 1990). Although some civilizations frowned upon the concept of homosexuality, most were relatively liberal and to suggest that the gods themselves were involved showed some kind of homosexuality acceptance.

Most antagonists do not accept homosexuality based on the fact that homosexuals do not procreate. However, to refute this point, a publication from University Wire (2013) refutes this point by saying that those people should consider asexual and infertile humans as abominations. While infertility occurs mostly without a say, one can argue that the same goes for homosexuality, that it is not a choice.

Heartened at this point that homosexuality is most probably a natural occurrence, my thoughts prompted that the phenomena could be present in animals too. I found that homosexual behavior in animals are not all that uncommon and can be found in more than 450 species. The disturbing fact is that the behavior is observed prominently in our species’ cousins, primates (Werner, 1979). As Bagemihl (1999) asserts, zoologists are commonly reluctant to label animal behaviors as “homosexual.” Often these activities are indexed as dominance gestures or “mock” courtships, not withstanding the fact that the same behavior with a heterosexual animal couple would have been labeled sex. This reluctance could have sprigged from negative attitudes toward human homosexual counterparts.

So why are people generally so quick to avoid the taboo subject of homosexuality? I am almost certain that most reluctance arise from religion. Anglican leaders condemn homosexuality as incompatible with the Christian faith and refuse to recognize same-sex marriage (Cox, 1998). Looking at the relationship of religious states and tolerance for homosexuality through a correlation graph (Pew Research, 2013), it can be...

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