World Civilization II
Research Paper: The Holocaust
May 10, 2014
The Holocaust took place in the early 1930’s after World War l left Germany in ruins. It was the biggest genocide to ever take place in human history. Most history teachings are based upon factual records but many horrors of the Holocaust went undocumented and can only be understood through the court hearings, diaries, stories, drawings, and first hand experiences of the survivors. Holocaust history focuses on Jews but all undesirables were included in the genocide including: handicapped, Jehovah witnesses, homosexuals, and gypsies. After World War l, Germany was pounded with war reparations. They didn’t only lose the war; they lost their pride and nationalism to their country. Germany’s was limited to an army of 100,000 men, and limited to even fewer ships. They suffered a great amount of territorial losses, and the worst of all, they had to accept the humiliation of being held solely responsible for the war. The losses, the destruction, and the depression after World War I was all rested upon the shoulders of the Germans. (Hochstadt) Along with these harsh war reparations, the world was suffering from the Great Depression. Their entire middle class was wiped out and they were undergoing mass unemployment. Their fragile democracy didn’t stand a chance in restoring their nation. Social unrest gave the rise to countless radical parties and the democracy fell to pieces. Germany was longing for stability and direction, and desperate for a powerhouse to restore organization. Unfortunately many found this hope in Hitler. Hitler was an unhappy child growing up but his youth was nothing out of the ordinary. He grew up in Austria, but he moved to Vienna in his later years. In Vienna, Jews were given the equal opportunity to express their talent, providing Hitler with the opportunity to develop his racism towards the group. He had little social life; he believed that art, military, and music were the only important things in life. He was intelligent, and a great speaker, which would later become very useful to him. (Hitler in colour) World War l enabled Hitler’s rise to power. Germany was in ruins and desperate for any power to take over, and Hitler was there to step in and relate to them. He shared their misery and hatreds and knew how to attract crowds. His convincing and motivational speeches that spoke of Germany on the track to becoming a world power again gained people’s vote. Hitler promised the people of Germany a future. He promised to remilitarize the Rhineland, reclaim German territories, and bring power back to Germany. Disparity among the people caused them to overlook the harsh terms of the Nazi way of life. Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January of 1933. He became the head of state and the head of government, in the now totalitarian government of Germany. During Hitler’s regime, also commonly known as the “Third Reich” or “Nazi Germany”, Hitler restored jobs to over a million people. He created public works programs and he funded them with military spending. This gained him a lot of support from his people who had been suffering from a financial depression, and economic chaos. Opposition to the government was nonexistent. Civil service members swore to an oath in which the vowed to be unconditionally obedient to their Ruler. Whatever Hitler did was the law. The government even controlled opinions and artwork; there was no room for any up rises or outbreaks. In classrooms, the youth were taught to obey Hitler. Hitler created a Nazi Youth Group that became very popular among the children. The best of the best were recruited for his group: the athletes, the educated, and the well-off families. Every child wanted to be a part of this cult. From 1933 to 1936, participation in Hitler’s Nazi Youth Group skyrocketed from...
Cited: A+E Networks. "Auschwitz." . http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/auschwitz (accessed May 10, 2014).
Auerbach, Carl F, Shoshana Mirvis, Susan Stern, and Jonathan Schwartz. 2009. "Structural dissociation and its resolution among Holocaust survivors: a qualitative research study." Journal Of Trauma & Dissociation: The Official Journal Of The International Society For The Study Of Dissociation (ISSD) 10, no. 4: 385-404. MEDLINE with Full Text, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Dillon, Christopher. 2013. " 'Tolerance means weakness ': the Dachau concentration camp S. S., militarism and masculinity 'Tolerance means weakness ': the Dachau concentration camp S. S., militarism and masculinity." Historical Research 86, no. 232: 373-389. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Grady, Tim. 2011. "GERMANY 'S JEWISH SOLDIERS." History Today 61, no. 11: 39-45. MasterFILE Elite, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Hitler in colour. Directed by Brian Cox. United Kingdom: Distributed by Warner Vision, United Kingdom, 2004.
Hochstadt, Steve. 2012. "What Was the Holocaust?." History: Reviews Of New Books 40, no. 4: 102-105. Literary Reference Center, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Houtepen, Anton W. J. 2004. "Holocaust and theology." Exchange 33, no. 3: 207-222. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
LOPIČIĆ, JELENA. "THE CIVILIAN POPULATION, WOUNDED, SICK AND PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMPS OF EUROPE DURING SECOND WORLD WAR 1939–1945." Megatrend Review 9, no. 4 (December 2012): 217-230. Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Urban, William L. 2008. "Hitler." Magill’S Choice: Holocaust Literature 1-4. Literary Reference Center, EBSCOhost (accessed May 10, 2014).
Please join StudyMode to read the full document