Hmong Involvement in the Vietnam War

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Research Précis and Annotated Bibliography

Hmong Involvement in the Vietnam War

Literature Review Outline

I. Introduction
A. History of Hmong existence in America (Barr, 2005; Mote, 2004; Castle, 1993) B. Hmong Values (Moore, 2003; Moua, 1995) C. Conflicts between Hmong culture and American culture (Moua, 1995) II. Body A. History of Hmong existence in America 1. Secret Vietnam War in Laos (Barr, 2005; Castle, 1993; Murphy 1997) 2. Communists persecute Hmong in Laos (Castle, 1993; Barr, 2005) B. Hmong Values 1. Cultural identity (Moore, 2003) 2. Marriage (Moua, 1995; Millett, 2002) C. Conflicts between the Hmong culture and American culture 1. Religion: Animisit and Christianity (Moua, 1995) 2. Authority: Shamen and American medicine (Moua, 1995; ) 3. Leadership: Clan elders and modern leaders (Moua, 1995; Brittan, 1997) III. Conclusion A. History of Hmong existence in America (Barr, 2005; Castle, 1993; Mote 2004) B. Hmong values (Moua, 1995; Millett, 2002) C. Conflicts among Hmong culture and American culture (Brittan, 1997; Moua, 1995)

Hmong involvement in the Vietnam War
In 1945, France controlled Vietnam. However, the communists in Vietnam wanted control, so they fought the French. In 1954, the Geneva agreement ended the fighting and declared Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam independent countries. The agreement also split Vietnam into two countries; communists governed North Vietnam and South Vietnam became a democratic country. North Vietnam reneged and the communists tried to take over South Vietnam, so the American military fought the communists in a battle that became known as the Vietnam War (Barr, 2005). The Hmong in Laos experienced tragic, long-term consequences for their wartime allegiance with the United States by secretly fighting in the Vietnam War.
At the beginning of the Vietnam War, Laos was an officially neutral country (Mote, 2004). Freedom is important to the Hmong. The word Hmong means “free man”



Bibliography: Cha, D. (1996). Dia 's Story Cloth. New York: Lee & Low Books, Inc. Government, 1955-1975. New York: Columbia University Press.

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