1. Abolish the Treaty of Versailles: Hitler felt that the treaty was unfair and humiliating to Germany and the German people. He didn’t agree with the limitations to the military nor the demilitarised of the Rhineland. In addition the treaty forbade Anschluss and forced Germans to live in Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland) and Poland (including Danzig) by removing former German territory. 2. Expand German territory: He wanted Austria to join with Germany in order to get extra lebensraum [living space] for the German people. 3. Defeat Communism: He believed that Bolsheviks helped cause Germany’s defeat in WW1 and feared a Bolshevik takeover. 7.
HITLER'S STEPS TO WAR
1. Conscription & Rearmament –1935
2. Rhineland – 7 March 1936:
3. Anschluss – 1934: Failed attempt/ Feb 1938 thorugh 10 April 1938 4. Munich – April 1938 through September
5. Czechoslovakia: 15 March 1939
6. USSR/ Germany Pact: 23 August 1939,
7. Poland: 1 Sept 1939
EXAMPLES OF APPEASEMENT – Britain and France
Accepted re-arming of Germany (British naval agreement, 1935) No action over re-occupation of Rhineland (1936)
Allowed Hitler to use German bombers in Spanish Civil War (1937–39) No action over Anschluss (1938).
Gave in over Sudetenland at Munich (1938).
WHY DID BRITAIN FOLLOW APPEASEMENT?
Britain had just finished a long and devastating war. Chamberlain feared another war and believed that there was not enough public support. There was a belief that the League of Nations would solve international problems and therefore Britain did not feel the need to threaten Hitler. Britain too weak for war in 1938 and appeasement would allow them the time needed to re-arm. Many people believe that the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were too harsh, so there was some sympathy for Germany’s actions. Chamberlain misjudged Hitler...
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