Hitler's Popularity: Main Reason for the Increased Electoral Support for the Nazi Party in 1928-32

Pages: 5 (1353 words) Published: February 8, 2015
 

Joseph Lewis 
History Essay- Mrs Wadsworth 
5 November 2014 
 
 

How far do you agree that the

Personal popularity of Hitler was the main reason for
the increased electoral support for the Nazi party in
1928-32? 
 
It can be argued that the personal popularity of Hitler was the main reason for the Nazi party's electoral success, due to his powerful speaking skills and charismatic attitude. However, it is evident that the Economic crisis was the main reason for the increased electoral support for the Nazi party in 1928 through 1932 because of the increase in potential Nazi propaganda available and the exploitation of the weakness of the Weimar government. In the four years between 1928 and 1932 the number of German citizens who were following and voting for the Nazi party grew from 800,000 to around 14 million. The sheer speed of the Party’s growth was staggering. It can be argued that the main reason for this growth in membership was the personal popularity of the Nazi party’s leader, Adolf Hitler. Hitler had been in charge of the Nazi party since around 1919, and had become well known for his astonishing public speaking skills, many of the Nazi party’s members joined the party mainly from hearing Hitler speak, rather than the groups policies. In 1928 the Nazi party won 0.8 million votes and 12 seats, and in 1932 the Nazi party won 13.8 million votes and 230 seats. It is suggested that the increase in votes for the Nazi party came from the middle class voters switching allegiances from other political groups such as the DDP and the DVP. This gain in followers is often linked with Hitler’s promises to the middle class that they would not fall into communism, and would continue to thrive as a strong independent Germany, which was what the middle class feared the most. Hitler’s speaking skills allowed him to be able to make

HISTORY ESSAY

- NAZI ELECTORAL SUCCESS



 

promises that impacted all boundaries of German society positively, meaning each class of German citizen had good reason to vote for the Nazi party. However, the economic crisis in Germany held a larger amount of responsibility for the electoral success of the Nazi party. The Nazi’s electoral prospects were boosted massively by the world economic depression in 1929. Germany had been lending money from America after the Treaty of Versailles was signed and their economy was then heavily dependent on these loans in order to operate, meaning that when the Wall Street Crash hit America, no european country was affected more than Germany. Many German citizens believed this to be the fault of the Weimar Government being weak and giving in to the enemy so soon after they had surrendered a war to them that many still thought, naively, Germany could still have won. Unemployment started rising dramatically in Germany and further financial issues meant that it would keep rising. Hitler saw this as a perfect opportunity to use the crisis as a way of gaining followers for the Nazi party. Many middle-class voters started following the Nazi party as they believed they could keep them from financial ruin and mainly, to keep Germany away from communism. The attraction for the Nazi party in these circumstances was that the people believed no other party was a likely to take down German communist party’s, such as the KPD, as they did not show the strength and determination the Nazi’s did. The Nazi party’s brutality, a trait that formerly alienated the middle classes, had now become one of their strongest assets. The working-class voters chose to follow Hitler and the Nazi’s for a variety of different reasons, predominantly the promise of national revival, but also other promises such as the vow to provide ‘work and bread’. Many workers who turned to the Nazi party, though, were people who shared similar fears of communism with the Working-class voters, adding largely to the Nazi’s electoral support. Thus evidencing that the economic crisis was...
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