Hitler and his National Socialist workers Party had a plan of gaining more members, since their party was quite unorganized and small. This was able to happen in 1923 when there was a sudden crash in economy. There wasn't an ordinary type of inflation in Germany, but what was dubbed "hyper inflation". From the sounds of it, it was a very bad situation for Germans, especially the poor ones. This hyper inflation occurred the moment French troops invaded to collect the reparations. At once, Hitler used this opportunity to start some rallies and mass protests even though they were not allowed to do so according to the local police. And this resulted to the recruitment of many more new members of the Nazi party and everyone took comfort in blaming the Jews for their misfortunes. This could be noted as one of the factors that helped Hitler's rise to power. (http://www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/dmeier/Holocaust/hitler.html).
Germany's unexpected retreat during the First World War had a lasting effect on Germans. They thought they were winning and suddenly, they find themselves retreating. That wasn't all, The Treaty of Versailles was signed and this treaty practically blamed them for the entire war and ordered them to pay reparations which were 132 million marks (this had a hand in hyper inflation). Germans called the men that signed this treaty "November Criminals". Hitler alongside other Germans hated the fact that they were now at the mercy of the Allied forces; a great country such as theirs had been reduced to nothing. To make things much