Europe experienced the rise of many dictators, notably Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union. Both rose to power within the 1920s and 1930s to discover their countries in economic despair. Ruthless dictators, Hitler and Stalin achieved their positions of power differently. The people of Germany appointed Hitler whereas Stalin competed with others to aquire the role of a deceased predecessor.
Both Germany and Russia had never experienced a war as sophisticated and far stretched, as World War One and were financially unprepared. World War One was the world’s first venture into mechanized warfare. The use of machine guns, tanks, poison gas, submarines and airplanes were introduced and for the first time, there were many fields of battle, air, sea, and ground. It required the moving on huge armies over vast distances, for the battles stretched from two fronts of Eastern and Western Europe. As both countries were struggling to boost their economy they were vulnerable to dictatorship, due to weakened governments.
Hitler and Stalin took advantage of their county’s feeble governments to reach their height of power, however used different methods. Hitler acted as a politician. He campaigned under the National Socialist Party, or Nazi Party, which he was the founder. Published the book, Mein Kampf, outlining plans to restore Germany to power. Hitler also rallied the German people to promote his views and eventually gained the their trust, along with their vote. In the national election the Nazi Party won nearly 40% of votes enabling Hitler to become the chancellor of Germany the following year. Unlike Hitler, Stalin never attempted to deceive those of the Soviet Union, by being anything than a dictator from the beginning. Stalin did not humor constituents with an election but granted himself the title to rule, despite protests. Stalin, at one time, was on good terms with his predecessor, Vladimir Lenin. However, towards the end of his life,...
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