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History Treaties 20th century

By mccormackmaya Oct 09, 2013 493 Words
The Spartacist Uprising

Left wing group. Communist party
Felt that Germany was ready to follow Russia’s example of a communist revolution Led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
Wanted a Germany ruled by workers’ council or soviets
In 1919 they launched their bid for power
Rebel soldiers and sailors
The revolution failed
Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were murdered

The Communist Uprising in Bavaria

Independent socialist state led by Kurt Eisner, Elbert’s ally. Kurt Eisner was murdered in February 1919 by political opponents The communists declared it a soviet republic in Bavaria
The Freikorps moved in to crush the revolt in May 1919. Around 600 Communists were killed.

The Kapp Putsch

Putsch means rebellion
In 1920 Dr Wolfgang Kapp led 5000 Freikorps into Berlin
The army refused to fire against them
Looked as if Elbert’s government was doomed
Saved by German people, they declared a general strike which brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water Kapp realized he could not succeed and left the country
He was hunted down and died while awaiting trial

The French & Belgian Occupation of the Ruhr

The Germans didn’t pay their second installment (1922)
In 1923 the French troops entered the Ruhr and took what was owed to them in the form of raw material and goods Disastrous for Germany
The German workers went on strike, there would be nothing for the French to take. The French killed 100 workers and expelled over 100,000 protesters. Caused the collapse of the German Currency
Hyperinflation

The German government simply printed money.
They thought it was an attractive solution.
It paid off debts in worthless marks
This set off a chain reaction
Prices and wages rocketed
People realized this money was worthless
Poor people suffered
The rich and middle class families realized that the money in the bank that could’ve bought them a house in 1922 now bought them a loaf of bread.

Treaty of St Germain

Was signed with Austria after World War One had ended
Signed on September 10th 1919.
Recognized the independence of Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Separated Austria from Hungary
Confirmed that Austria was no longer a leading power
The treaty was to sort out a chaotic jumble of territories into new states

Treaty of Neuilly

Dealt with Bulgaria
They lost lands to Greece, Romania, Yugoslavia and its access to the Mediterranean. Limit their armed forces
Pay 100million in reparations
Many Bulgarians were governed by foreign powers

Treaty of Trianon

Dealt with Hungary
Not signed until 1920
Its main terms involved the transfer of territories
Hungary lost a substantial amount of its territory and population Its industries suffered from the loss of population and raw materials Due to pay reparations, economy was so weak it never did

Treaty of Sevres

Dealt with Turkey
This treaty was important because of its strategic position and the size of its empire Lost territories
Lost control of the straits running into the Black Sea
Not a successful treaty
Turks were outraged by it

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