History: Slavery and Haitian Revolution

Topics: Slavery, Haiti, Haitian Revolution Pages: 8 (2700 words) Published: January 30, 2013
History is a subject which allows someone to think and analyse things & this topic brought out that ability. The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which occurred on August 23, 1791 to 1804. This Revolt was the only slave revolt which led to the elimination of slavery and the founding of the Haitian republic. In this SBA the reader should have a clear understanding of the reasons why the Haitian Revolution started, the effectiveness of the leaders that emerged during the Revolution and also the social, economic & political consequences of the Haitian revolution on Haiti and the wider Caribbean.

I would like to thank the following persons: my teacher Mrs.Deer, the participants who helped to voiced their opinions on the topic thus making this S.B.A a success but most importantly, all this would not be possible if it was not for the Grace of God.

Research Question
What social, economic and political consequences did the Haitian Revolution have on Haiti and the wider Caribbean?

1. To investigate the reasons for the Haitian Revolution. 2. To examine the effectiveness of the leaders that emerged during the Revolution. 3. To analyse the impact of the Haitian Revolution on Haiti and the wider Caribbean.

The Haitian Revolution
Haiti was a French colony of the Caribbean and was said to be the most productive colonial economy in the world because it was dominated by agricultural plantation which primarily supplied sugar and coffee to the markets worldwide. African slaves were brought to the island and this then allowed the island to obtain a slave population of nearly 90 percent, the population now consisted of peoples of European ancestry and of mixed heritage which was defined in the law of the colony as gens de couleur (people of colour). The Haitian Revolution started in 1791 shortly after the French administrators governed the island and this was because of the long struggles the slaves went through in the French colony, but was later freed by the Mulattoes who faced the trials of being denoted as semi-citizens. However this revolt was not like any other revolt because it had to do mostly with the influence of the French Revolution as it helped to contribute to the events that occurred but it was the most successful with the help of Vincent Oge who led the Mulattoes, Toussaint L’Ouverture who was the main leader of this revolt with the help of Boukman and Jean Jacques Dessalines. The French revolution of 1789 impacted the wealth of the French colony (St. Domingue) and this caused the country to split into two groups: the revolutionary forces of the middle and lower classes which got support from various revolutionaries against the nobility which represented the ancient regime. The lower-class whites took the opportunity to rebel against the elite first-class whites but also managed to maintain their profits and status because they felt that freedom and rights were noble for everyone. The top whites however introduced royalism to the low class whites to minimize revolution in St. Domingue and keep the order of colonization intact. The mulattoes however realized that an excellent way to improve their living standards was to adapt to the revolutionary idea to fight for their rights without considerations for the black slaves which later made them sent a delegation to Paris to be included in the rights of man. The declaration of “all men are born free and equal in rights” created an issue among the white colonists. Freed mulattoes saw this as a victory and a motivation to keep fighting for their rights. To maintain their brutal rule, the white colonists, especially the elite first-class did everything in their position to frustrate this...

Bibliography: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Revolution
Patrick E. Bryan, The Haitian revolution and its effects (Heinemann CXC History), Heinemann Educational Publishers.
William Claypole & John Robottom, Caribbean Story Book 1 (3rd Edition), Carlong Publishers Ltd.
David P. Geggus, ed. The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World.
Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History
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