The Communist Manifesto
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, and journalist, however, he was best known as a revolutionary communist whose ideas inspired many communist regimes of today. He published many books during his time; however, his most famous was The Communist Manifesto, which attempts to present an analysis of the class struggle and the problems with the existing industrial capitalism. In his writings he explains that the exploitation of one class by another is what motivates historical development. Throughout his analysis, Marx predicts an inevitable revolution due to incompatible class relationships with the developing forces of production which he believes will lead to an economic breakdown of capitalism to be replaced by socialism, and then eventually communism.
Karl Marx’s model helps to explain the industrial capitalism by first generalizing history leading up to today’s current society as being created due to the history of class struggles. Rather than the more traditional complex hierarchy system, Marx describes society as being split into two classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. He described these two classes in terms of binary oppositions, with one class having the absolute power, and the other being oppressed by that power. The bourgeoisie class was said to be the oppressor, which Marx defined as the social class that owns the means of production and the employers of wage labor in a capitalist society. Marx views the class as emerging from the wealthy urban classes in pre and early capitalist societies. They resulted when the demand for a larger scale and efficient means of production led to the division of labor and the arrival of industrialization. The proletariat class was said to be the class which was being oppressed by the bourgeoisie class. According to Marx they were the workforce of bourgeois enterprise and were a class of laborers which were able to make a living only as long as they...
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