History of Travel

Topics: Crusades, First Crusade, Holy Land Pages: 37 (11722 words) Published: September 20, 2012
|History of Travel & Tourism | |By Sarvajeet Chandra/ Adjustments Made | | | | | |[pic] | |Sarvajeet Chandra | |Level: Basic PLUS | | | |Sarvajeet Chandra writes on issues that are usually brushed under the carpet, or are too everyday-ish for high street| |strategists. He writes on making strategic ... | |[pic] |

The History of travel can be dated as far back as:
← Paleolithic Age (32,000 BC - 10,000 BC) – After Creation which was around 11,0000 BC) ← Forged Trails = Hunting (was this “tourism”?) ← Fire/tools (no animals)/shelter
← Neolithic Age
← Critters & Sailing Vessels (4,000 BC’ish)
← The Wheel (3,500 BC) (China)
← Agriculture/stored (communities exchanged)
← Coins (= light)
← Religion
← Time of Abraham
← Moses
← John the Baptist
← Etc.
The Empire ERA
← Egyptian Kingdoms (4850 – 715 B.C.)
← Government in centralized locations
← Used Nile (north = current, south = sails)
← Greek Empire (900 – 200 B.C.)
← Use of a common language (Mediterr.)
← Currency Exchange
← City-States became attractions
Shopping, eat/drinking, gaming
← Roman Empire (500 B.C. – A.D. 300)
← Tourism for both middle class and wealthy
← Good roads (50,000 mile system)!
← Appian Way
← Roman currency universal
← Common legal system
← Safety when travelling
← Inns (30 miles apart)


Brief Details and High Points
600 BC and thereafter: Egyptian and Babylonian ERA
The earliest form of travel and leisure tourism can be traced as far back as the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. A museum of historic antiquities was open to the public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the devout and many people who thronged to cities to see famous works of arts and buildings. In India, as elsewhere, kings travelled for empire building. The Brahmins and the common people travelled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common folk thronged Sarnath and Sravasti to be greeted by the inscrutable smile of the Enlightened One- the Buddha. 500 BC, the Greek civilisation

The Greek tourists travelled to sites of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals that increasingly became a pursuit of pleasure, and in particular, sport. Athens had become an important site for travellers visiting the major sights such as the Parthenon. Inns were established in large towns and seaports to provide for travellers' needs. Courtesans (prostitutes with wealthy and upper class clients) were the principal entertainment offered.  

This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the worlds' first travel writer. Guidebooks also made their appearance in the fourth century covering destinations such as...

Links: 1 A History of the Christian Church, 4th ed., edited by Williston Walker, Richard A. Norris, David W. Lotz, and Robert T. Handy (New York, Charles Scribner 's Sons, 1985), p. 284. 
2 From The Crusades © Dr
   Pope Urban II is a detail of art in An Outline of Christianity: The Story of Our Civilization, Vol. II (New York: Bethlehem Publishers, Inc., 1926), p. 347. 
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