History of the Philippines: Portuguese and Dutch Threats

Topics: Philippines, Portugal, Luzon Pages: 3 (305 words) Published: March 7, 2014
Overview:
Portuguese and Dutch Threats
During the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines, the Filipinos dreamed to achieve independence from the harsh Spanish rule at that time. The Filipinos began to fight the Spaniards the moment they settled permanently in 1565 and continued this resistance to the end of their rule in 1898. The Philippine Revolt patterns must be treated holistically and not separately.

Portuguese Threats the Spanish Rule

General Gonzalo Pereira in 1566 and 1568 asked Legazpi to leave. The Portuguese blockaded Cebu and Bombarded the Spanish settlement (1570) They failed to dislodge their rivals.
The incursions ceased only when Portugal became part of the Spanish empire. (1580).

Dutch Threats

They revolted against Spain and proclaimed independence in 1579. Spain refused to recognize Dutch independence. Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 – led to the recognition of the Dutch independence. 1597 – First battle of Mariveles

1610 – Second battle of mariveles
1617 – Battle of playa Honda
1647 – Dutch’s last attack against the Spanish
They were finally driven off.

Causes of Revolts

Desire to regain the lost freedom of their ancestors (Political)
Religious intolerance of Spanish authorities (Religious)
Abuses of Spaniards (Personal)
The hated tribute and oppressive forced labor
Loss of ancestral lands.

EARLY REVOLTS

Uprising/
Revolt
Date
Place
Cause
Leader
Result
Lakandula
1574
Tondo,
Navotas
Failure of Gov. lavezares to fulfill Legaspi’s to lakandula

Lakandula
failed
Pampanga
1585
Pampanga
Abuse of Spanish Encomiendos

Failed a woman betrayed a revolt.

Tondo
1587-1588
Tondo Cuyo,
Calamianes

Desire of independence
Magat Salamat, Agustin de Legazpi, Juan banal and Pedro Balingit

Failed a spy reported to Spanish authorities about their plan. Leader will be executed.

Magalat
1596
Cagayan
Abuses of the Tribute...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • History of the Philippines Essay
  • history in philippines Essay
  • Philippine History & Government Essay
  • The History of the Philippines Essay
  • Philippine History Essay
  • Philippine History Essay
  • History of Philippines Essay
  • Philippines History Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free