Portuguese and Dutch Threats
During the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines, the Filipinos dreamed to achieve independence from the harsh Spanish rule at that time. The Filipinos began to fight the Spaniards the moment they settled permanently in 1565 and continued this resistance to the end of their rule in 1898. The Philippine Revolt patterns must be treated holistically and not separately.
Portuguese Threats the Spanish Rule
General Gonzalo Pereira in 1566 and 1568 asked Legazpi to leave. The Portuguese blockaded Cebu and Bombarded the Spanish settlement (1570) They failed to dislodge their rivals.
The incursions ceased only when Portugal became part of the Spanish empire. (1580).
They revolted against Spain and proclaimed independence in 1579. Spain refused to recognize Dutch independence. Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 – led to the recognition of the Dutch independence. 1597 – First battle of Mariveles
1610 – Second battle of mariveles
1617 – Battle of playa Honda
1647 – Dutch’s last attack against the Spanish
They were finally driven off.
Causes of Revolts
Desire to regain the lost freedom of their ancestors (Political)
Religious intolerance of Spanish authorities (Religious)
Abuses of Spaniards (Personal)
The hated tribute and oppressive forced labor
Loss of ancestral lands.
Failure of Gov. lavezares to fulfill Legaspi’s to lakandula
Abuse of Spanish Encomiendos
Failed a woman betrayed a revolt.
Desire of independence
Magat Salamat, Agustin de Legazpi, Juan banal and Pedro Balingit
Failed a spy reported to Spanish authorities about their plan. Leader will be executed.
Abuses of the Tribute...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document