History of State and Federal Prisons

Topics: Prison, Criminal justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation Pages: 4 (528 words) Published: September 28, 2014


History of State and Federal Prisons

Tara Mihelcich

CJS/230 – 09/11/14

Gloria Ramsey

History of State and Federal Prisons Page 1

The history of state and federal prisons have similar ideals; the state and federal systems have to

rely on each other at times for housing each others criminals. A state prison is usually run by that

particular states government and they house individuals that have committed crimes against the rules

and sanctions of the each state also known as blue collar criminals; the federal prisons house

individuals that have committed crimes against the rules and sanctions of the federal government and

are called a white collar criminal. State and federal prison systems more or less have the same levels of

security; low, minimum, high, max, and super-max.

Before federal prisons were created prisoners that were on a federal level had to be housed

within state and local prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons confines felons convicted of federal

crimes and in several large cities pretrial defendants are held in federal jails pending trial (Foster,

2006). The federal prison system began in the 1930's when President J. Edgar Hoover passed and

signed a bill that gave permission for the federal prison system to have a building or federal facility to

house it's prisoners. The first federal U.S. Penitentiary was created in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas this

prison was constructed out of an old military prison prison (Foster, 2006).

The state prison system was based and founded on the legal reforms of the 18th century “Age of

Enlightenment, (Foster, 2006);” in the 19th century the state prison systems continued to base

themselves around the Auburn...

References: Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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