History of Psychology Timeline

Topics: Psychology, Cognition, Mind Pages: 3 (543 words) Published: December 13, 2009
History of Psychology Timeline

Ancient Greece 500 to 200 BC
Ancient Greece philosophy began with the concepts created by such great figures as Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pythagoras whose philosophies helped shape great fathers of philosophy such as the Sophist, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Ancient Rome 129 to 216 AD

Claudius Galen was a prominent Roman physician and philosopher of Greek origins and the most famous doctor in the Roman Empire shared the beliefs of Hipocrates about the physiological basis for mental disorders. Middle Ages - about 446 - 1000 AD

Also called the Dark Ages, this period characterized widespread illiteracy and neglection of science and culture. The Renaissance - 14th to 17 Century
René Descartes, also known as as Renatus Cartesius, was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer who highly influenced various bodies of knowledge, including psychology. Francis Bacon was a leading persona to explore the idea that knowledge, science expanded via observations and experiments. 1896 – Structuralism & Functionalism introduced

Edward B. Titchener, a leading proponent of structuralism, publishes his Outline of Psychology. Structuralism is the view that all mental experience can be understood as a combination of simple elements or events. This approach focuses on the contents of the mind, contrasting with functionalism. Functionalism

Functionalism, an early school of psychology, focuses on the acts and functions of the mind rather than its internal contents. Its most prominent American advocates are William James and John Dewey, whose 1896 article "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" promotes functionalism. 1913 Behaviorism

Behaviorism was introduced in 1913 by John B. Watson, an American psychologist. The behaviorist movement was greatly influenced by the work of the Russian physiologist Ivan P. Pavlov. 1946 The Psychoanalytic Treatment of Children

Anna Freud publishes The Psychoanalytic Treatment...
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