History of Psychology
June 10, 2013
History of Psychology
The study of psychology contains a history. Unlike a general history course taught by a history teacher, the history of psychology is taught by a psychology teacher (Goodwin, 2008). Several philosophers are associated with the beginnings of psychology as a formal discipline. Multiple philosophers in the western tradition were primary contributors to the formation of psychology as a formal discipline. During the nineteenth century, in particular, many great developments in the science of psychology were founded. Several philosophers, including those of western tradition and the specific advancements of the nineteenth century are significant portions in the history of psychology.
Several philosophers are associated with the beginnings of psychology as a formal discipline. Philosophers such as Wilhelm Wundt and William James are key players in the history of psychology. Wilhelm Wundt, was the creator of functionalism and founder of the first psychological laboratory (Hatfield, 1997). In doing so, Wundt became known as the father of experimental psychology (Hatfield, 1997). Wundt also made the separation between philosophy and psychology (McLeod, 2008). According to McLeod (2008), Wundt’s theories attempted “to record thoughts and sensations, and to analyze them into their constituent elements” (para. 5). The use of laboratories by Wundt encouraged later psychologist to follow suit and experiment in controlled environments (McLeod, 2008). William James also laid important foundations related to the early stages of psychology. James’ functionalism was created as a response to Wundt’s structuralism. According to James, functions of the brain should benefit a person (Ivie, 2006). Later psychologists such as Skinner, Gardner, and Thorndike have all built on the legacy of James. Although James’s theories have laid the groundwork for the beginnings of...
References: Buzzle. (2013). Brief History of Psychology. Retrieved from http://buzzle.com/articles/brief-history-of-psychology.html
Edward Bradford Titchener. (2006). In Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/ps/i.do?action=interpret&id=GALE|CX3404706409&v=2.1&u=uphoenix&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&authCount=1
Goodwin, C. J. (2008). A History of Modern Psychology (3rd ed.). Nj, NJ: Wiley.
Hatfield, G. (1997). Wundt and Psychology as Science: Disciplinary Transformations. Perspectives on Science, 5(3), 349.
Ivie, S. D. (2006). The Legacy of William James. Journal of Thought, 41(4), 117-136.
Mcleod, S. (2008). Wilhelm Wundt Father of Psychology. Retrieved from http://simplypsychology.org/wundt.html
Titchener, Edward Bradford. (2002). In Biographical Dictionary of Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/entry/routbiopsy/titchener_edward_bradford
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