The History of Police
CJA 204 Introduction to Police Theory and Practices
The History of Police
Police practices have been around for many years. There have been a lot of changes since the early 1600s, when it started, and now. Used to be a requirement with no training or pay for this type of duty. Now in the 21st century you can make a career out of being a part of the police department.
Around the 1630s during Colonial America there was no such thing as a criminal investigation for the police. The Citizens were responsible for watching there own community. And there was no training or pay for doing any of these duties. The policing styles used during this time were followed by the English. During the 1840s, The Metropolitan America, Focused mainly on the crime prevention rather then post-crime detection and punishment. Police Officer started to get paid to perform their duties and there was 24-hour coverage. In the Frontier America Businessmen would hire private security to reduce violence and stealing from themselves or their personal property. Vigilantes, Bounty Hunters, and Deputized posses serves as informal law enforcement in territories and Indian land. The 1920s, Professionalism, Policing primarily focused on law enforcement and crime control. And social service elements were reduced. Political connections were rejected and civil service systems eliminated patronage. Police work became standardized, with some specialized units such as juvenile and drug units (University of Phoenix, 2012).
Peel’s thinking surrounding the formation of the Metropolitan Police was reduced to the following nine principles: (1) the basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder; (2) the ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions; (3) police must secure the willing cooperation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public;...
References: Grant, H. B., & Terry, K. J. (2012). Law enforcement in the 21st century (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
University of Phoenix. (2012). History and Professionalism of the Police [Multimedia]. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, CJA - Introduction to Police Theory and Practices website.
Williams, K. L. (2003). Peel’s Principles and Their Acceptance by American Police: Ending 175 Years of Reinvention. Police Journal, 76(2), 97-120. Retrieved from EBSCOhost
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