History of Nokia
Nokia has a long history of successful change and innovation. In 1865, Nokia was originally founded by Fredrik Idestam, a mining engineer. Fredrik Idestam opened his first wood pulp mill in South-Western Finland, Tammerkoski Rapids. In 1867, Fredrik Idestam’s wood pulp invention was awarded a Bronze Medal in the Paris World Exposition (Kolvuniemi 1998, p.17). Three years later, Fredrik Idestam constructed a second mill by the Nokiavirta river, which inspired him to name his company Nokia Ab in 1871. Fredrik Idestam along with his close friend Leo Machelin in 1971 was transformed the firm into a share company, thereby founding the Nokia Company. In 1960, Nokia first entered the telecommunication equipment market when an electronics department was established at Finnish Cable Works to concentrate on the production of radio transmission equipment. Nokia Corporation was formed in 1967 as a result of the merger of Fredrik Idestam’s Nokia Ab, Finnish Cable Work Ltd, a manufacturer of telephone and power cable founded in 1912, Finnish Rubber Works, a manufacturer of rubber boots, tires and other rubber products founded in 1898. Nokia Corporation had five new businesses, such as rubber, cable, electronics, forestry and power generation. Throughout the 1970s, Nokia improved their involvement in the telecommunication industry by developed a host electronic devices including radio telephones for the Finnish army and emergency responders In 1979, Nokia took its first steps into telephone industry by creating Mobira Oy in a JV with Finnish TV maker Salora, and they created the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) service. This was the world’s first international cellular network. Nokia launched their first car phone called the Mobira Senator in 1982. Five years later, the first handheld mobile phone for NMT analog networks was launched by Nokia, the Mobira Cityman. Nokia also offered the first handheld phone for GSM that is more efficient use of frequencies...
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