History of Medicine
History of Medicine
Medicine is the applied science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Many important people from many different cultures contributed to the medical field. Without their beliefs we would not be where we are today. Vaccinations, surgeries, and medical studies of different diseases and disorders are just a few of the many advances medicine has made over the years. The first documentation of medicine dates back to the ancient Egyptians in 2600 BC, in which Imhotep wrote texts on ancient Egyptian medicine describing diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases in 3rd dynasty Egypt. The most famous of all Greek doctors was Hippocrates. He made such an impression on medical history that his name is still very much associated with medicine today. All newly qualified doctors take what is called the ‘Hippocratic Oath’ and some see Hippocrates as the father of modern medicine even though he did most of his work some 430 years before the birth of Christ. The Ancient Romans, like the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Egyptians, made a huge input into medicine and health, though their input was mainly concerned with public health schemes. Though the Roman ‘discoveries’ may not have been in the field of pure medicine, poor hygiene by people was a constant source of disease, so any improvement in public health was to have a major impact on society. Many more contributed over the many years since then and medicine and medical technology have had many advances from the myths and legends of the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. Claudius Galen was a Greek physician who went to Rome and revived the ideas of Hippocrates and other Greek doctors. He put great emphasis on clinical observation by examining a patient very thoroughly and noting their symptoms. Galen also accepted the view that disease was the result of an imbalance between blood, phlegm,...
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