History Of Deterrence

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Law enforcement teaches offenders that crime is punished. However, deterrence is the exclusion of commit a criminal act for factors as such as fear of sanctions or punishment. The history of deterrence begins by the end of the 1700s in the work of Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham, but the interest in deterrence and rational choice theory developed by the mid-1960s. Specific deterrence view that if experienced punishment is severe enough, convicted offenders will be deterred from repeating their criminal activity. However, this theory states that people seek pleasure and avoid pain ( Weinrath and Gartrell, 2001). Both authors discuss that the length of punishment affects the offender to commit the crime again. In other words, specific deterrence

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