History of Cinema

Topics: Film, Movie projector, Movie studio Pages: 5 (1488 words) Published: November 8, 2012
Katrina Farmer Pd.2

History Of Cinema
What is cinema?
Cinema is a film, a story captured as a set of moving pictures to be shown on a screen in a movie theatre or on television. It is a passage of expression and modern science. Cinema is the most tried and true form of storytelling. Cinema is a sequence of moments captured in time, to make you feel, to make you see and to make you understand. Cinema is theatre made more intimate, passion in motion. Cinema built everything that we see on televisions, computers, phones, etc. It is a source of media that has a strong effect on society today. It has aided in the construction of an empire of technology and what our world undergoes to this very day. Many movies or shows affect people’s beliefs and ideals; they allow people to escape reality for about an hour and a half. Different themes in cinema may truly inspire people to think about unknown subjects that may guide them to different places in life, or provide the change they needed. Cinema affects our society with being controversial, by being heartwarming and sometimes just to entertain the public.

How did it begin?
The history of film began in 1827 when the first still photograph was taken. But, the first moving picture started with the first technological precursors of film, the pinhole camera. The pinhole camera was a simple camera without a lens and a single small aperture with a lightproof box with a small hole in one side. Light from a scene passes through this only point and projects the reversed image on the opposite side of the box. This camera, nevertheless, was followed by the more advanced camera obscura. Operating camera obscura, it was achievable to project a moving image but there was no ways of recording the image for later showing. Although, this was a long distance from motion pictures, as we know of them. The first commercial exhibition of film took place on April 14, 1894 at Edison's Kinetoscope peep-show parlor. Each frame was printed separately onto paper sheets for attachment into their viewing machine, called the Mutoscope. The image sheets stood out from the border of a rotating drum, and flipped into view in succession. It was clear though, that more money could be made by showing motion picture films with a projector to a large audience than displaying them in peep-show machines.

"I am experimenting upon an instrument which does for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear, which is the recording and reproduction of things in motion ...." -Thomas A. Edison

The first films…
For the first twenty years of movies, they were silent. Although accompanied by live musicians, sometimes sound effects, and with dialogue and narration presented in lines of dialogue. Also, motion pictures were short, only a restricted amount of minutes in length. The standard length of a film remained one reel, or about ten to fifteen minutes. Through the first decade of the century, partly based on producers' assumptions about the attention spans of their still largely working class audiences. The first films contained poor acting and footage, but that was due to it only being the establishment of video making. During the first decade of the cinema's existence, inventors worked to improve the machines for making and showing films. Before you know it, there were many studios going into production. Soon enough there was Hollywood, on the West Coast of the United States and for many of the early years of the 20th century it was the home to some of the world's biggest movie studios. Ever since Hollywood, movie factory of the world, exporting its product to most countries on earth and controlling the market in many of them.

Experimentation with sound film technology, both for recording and playback, was somewhat constant throughout the silent era, but the two problems couldn’t be solved. Illustrated songs were an exception to this silent trend that began in 1894 in vaudeville houses and persisted as...
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