Arakkonam (also "Arkonam") (Tamil: அரக்கோணம்) is a mid-sized town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu with a population of about 77,000. This town is located in the Vellore District about 69 kilometres (43 mi) (via rail) from the state capital of Chennai. Arakkonam is supposedly one of the hottest towns in India (next to Vellore), where the temperature can exceed 43°C (110°F) for several days in peak of the summer.
The name of the town is believed to have been derived from the Tamil word Aaru konam meaning hexagon (ancient name was "arunthamizh kundram"), since it has six important places on its six sides. Nearby towns include Kanchipuram, Tiruttani, Tiruvalangadu, Thakkolam, Manavoor and Sholingur Paranji. Arakkonam is one of the important railway junctions in South India. The station was known as Arkonam until a few years ago. It is an important junction since the Chennai-Mumbai railway line branches off from the railway line going to Bangalore, Hubli, Mangalore, Goa, Coimbatore and Kerala. There is also a branch line to Chengalpattu via Kanchipuram. However, many trains coming from the Bangalore side towards Mumbai bypass the station.
Arakkonam is also one of the biggest junctions in Southern Railway and many trains stop at this station. The town has one of the biggest workshops for the Southern Railway, known as the Engineering Workshop (EWS). A frequent suburban electric train facility is also available towards Chennai. The second biggest FCI (Food Corporation of India) godown is located at Arakkonam in Tamil Nadu. It is used to store all types of food grains for a longer periods. Transport facility by road is also available to all major cities and towns. The runway INS Rajali, a naval air force of the Indian Navy in Arakkonam is, at 4,500 metres,it is the second longest airforce in South Asia and it is Asia's second biggest Naval Training Centre. there are also few industries like MRF(menon rubber factory),Ramco industries,denny steels,Best and Crompton Exports are located in arakkonam. The Arakkonam Fire station is one of the oldest buildings built in 1925 and it is still in good condition.
As of 2006[update] India census, Arakkonam had a population of 82,500. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Arakkonam has an average literacy rate of 80.2% higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. About 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Thiruvalankadu Vadaaranyeswarar Temple Thevara Padal Petra Shiva Temple of Thondai Nadu - One of the 275 temples of Lord Shiva. Located at 15 km towards east of Arakkonam. Sholingar Narasimha Swamy Hill Temple Lord Mahavishnu Temple - 1000 feet above ground level, on top of a hill. Lord Vishnu's shrine. Located at 28 km towards west of Arakkonam. Thandalam (a) Thallam "Adhikesava Perumal koil" and "Kanchi Kamakodi Agatheeswarar Temple". Aghathiyar had stipulated the Agatheeswara Temple. Adhi Sankarar also did pooja at this temple before stipulating the 'Kachi Mutt'. Paranji Sundara Perumal Temple just 16 km away from the town. Nemili Bala Abirami Temple just 15 km way to Vellore.
Muthumari amman temple, 31 feet marimman sculpture near taluk office.
Tamil is the language spoken by most people. The other language is Telugu. Hindi is also spoken, due to the presence of military establishments.
Arakkonam (SC) (State Assembly Constituency) is part of the Arakkonam (Lok Sabha constituency). The DMK alliance candidate APLF M Jaganmoorthy won Arakkonam assembly constituency in the 2006 elections. Recently, in the parliamentary elections held in 2009, the DMK candidate Mr.Jagathratchagan got elected as an MP from this constituency. Mr.Poovai Jagan Moorthy is the sitting MLA.
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