History of Agrarian Reform

Topics: Agriculture, Land tenure, Landed property Pages: 50 (15085 words) Published: August 27, 2013

1. OUR ANCESTRAL SOCIETY
1. a. Barangay
2. b. Classes:
2. b. 1. Datu or Sultan-dispose
2. b. 2. Maharlika or Freeman
2. b. 3. Alipin
2.b.3.a. Alipin Namamahay
2.b.c.b. Alipin Saguiguilid
2. ROOTS OF OUR AGRARIAN PROBLEM
2.a. 1565 – Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Urdaneta – First Spanish settlement in Cebu 2.a.1.They decided to move to Manila for two reasons: 2.a.1.a. – Pintados

2.a.1.b. – Martin de Goite
2.a.2. Death of Rajah Sulayman-
Chieftain of Manila
2.a.3. Rajah Lakandula – Chieftain of
Tondo recognized Spanish
sovereignty
2.a.4. Legazpi reassured Lakandula:
2.a.4.a.-His property will be
respected
2.a.4.b. He and other Datus would
be exempt from paying tribute.
2.a.5 ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM
2.a.5a. Spanish Soldiers
2.a.5b. Spanish Settlers
2.a.5c. Religious Orders (Magalat Revolt) 2.a.6. Caciques
2.a.7. Inquilinato
3. EARLY ATTEMPTS AT AGRARIRAN REFORM IN THE PHILIPPINES
3.a.June 12, 1898 Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo-Independence-Republican government 3.a.1. Confiscation of Friar Lands
3.b.December 10, 1898 – Treaty of Paris The Philippines was ceded by Spain to U.S. U.S. guarantee to respect and safeguard the private lands owned by Spaniards 3.c. Americans instituted the following reforms:

3.c.1. Philippine Bill of 1902
3.c.2. Land Registration Act of 1902
(Act 496-Torrens System)
3.c.3. Negotiation Gov. William Taft and Pope Leo XIII in 1903-(Friar Lands) 3.c.4. Public Land Act of 1903 - Homestead System in the Philippines 3.c.5. Cadastral Survey of 1910

3.c.6. Establishment of Agricultural Colonies in 1913 3.c.7. Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933 (Act No. 4054) 3.c.8. Tenancy Act of 1933 – (Sugar) 3.d. These measures failed to established

successful agrarian reform as shown by:
3.d.1. Unsuccessful attempt to buy friar lands 3.d.2. Tenancy doubled by 1935-George Taylor 3.d.3. Tension increased between landlord and tenants 3.d.3.a. Colorum Uprising-Pedro

Calosa, Tayug, Pangasinan –
1913
3.d.3.b. Sakdalista Revolt-
Benigno Ramos, Cabuyao,
Laguna-1935
3.d.4. Formation of Militant Peasant Organization "Katipunang Pambansa ng Magbubukid ng Pilipinas”-1924. Seek to Eliminate Usury; Increase tenant’s share; Protect, small homesteaders: Abolish Cedula Tax and unite small farmers to liberate the Philippines. 3.e. Commonwealth Government-Pres.

Manuel L. Quezon
3.e.1. Social Justice Program- Act Nos. 178, 461 and 608-sought to establish Agrarian Reform by:
3.e.1.a.-Requiring a WRITTEN CONTRACT between tenant & landlord; 3.e.1.b. Purchase of large HACIENDAS for subdivision in small parcels for tenants; 3.e.1.c. NARIC-National Rice & Corn Corp. established 3.f. December 8, 1941 – Second World War.

3.f.1 Japanese Occupation
3.f.2-HUKBALAHAP Organization
4. SHAKING OFF THE YOKE OF BONDAGE
4.a.1945- Liberation of the Philippines
4.b. July 4, 1946 – Philippines was declared independent...
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