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World War 1
On Sunday, June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo, Bosnia, an 18-year-old Serbian named GavriloPrincip, shot and killed Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Duchess Sophie whilethey were driving in an open car. Princip belonged to a sercet terror society, called theBlack Hand, that wanted to rid Bosnia of Austrian rule and unite it with Serbia. Theassassination led to the first World War. This terrible conflict latsed over 4 years, involvedover 30 nations, and claimed more than 20,000,000 lives, both miltary and civilian. Itcost billions of dollars, destroyed Europe, crumbled empires, and sowed seeds of WorldWar 2.There were also others causes that led up to World War 1. Over time, countries in Europemade mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. If one country wasattacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the followingalliances existed: Russia and Serbia, Germany and Austria-Hungary (The Dual Alliance1879), France and Russia (Franco-Russian Alliance 1891), Britain and France andBelgium, and Japan and Britain. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia (July 28, 1914),Russia got involved to defend Serbia. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia (August 1, 1914). France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary (August 3, 1914). Germany attacked France through Belgium pulling Britaininto war (August 4, 1914). This eventually split the continent into two hostile sides. TheCentral Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, later joined by Bulgaria and the OttomanEmpire), and the Allies (Great Britain, France, Russia, later joined by Japan, Italy, and theUnited States).Another factor that increased the rivalry in Europe was imperialism. Before World War 1,Africa and parts of Asia were areas of conflict between the European countries. This was because of the raw materials these areas could provide. The increasing competition anddesire for greater empires led to an increase in conflict that helped start

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