top-rated free essay

History Essay - British Rule and Globalization Today

By jeeyeh Apr 30, 2013 1227 Words
Industry and Empire- Final Assessment
Was the British rule in India an older form of globalization today, due to how it globalization affects the world beyond its intended purposes? It is difficult not to mention the term colonization whilst debating about how globalization has impacted our world, beyond its intended purposes. Based on international strategies, globalization is a process that aims to expand business operations on a worldwide level. (“How Globalization Affects Developed Countries”-Investopia) The purpose of colonization was “ open markets and obtain raw materials…” (“Colonialism”- International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences); the British Empire first became involved with India because of trade. (Rees, pg. 1) The aims of colonization and globalization are similar, as they are two forms of being involved with trading internationally; however they affected a whole lot more than just trade. Furthermore, colonization and globalization has impacted the world both positively and negatively, crossing the boundaries of opening and expanding business operations on a worldwide level (being involved with trade). The British Empire in India and the production of “Nike” items are two examples that demonstrate the impacts. A strong example that supports this conception of colonization being an older form of globalization is when the British colonized India during the 19th to 20th century. The British Empire which took place in India during the time period of 1858 and 1947 became involved with India in the first place because of trade, and they wanted a share of India’s cotton and calico, muslins, chintzes, pepper, indigo and spices. (Rees, pg. 1) The figures (data) of the increasing and decreasing of the exports between India and Britain (from the information that Parliament received about the different types of trade that included the British East India Company in the beginning of the 19th century) illustrate how the British rule had an impact on the Indian textile Industry. The figures from the 1700s show that India had a lead in the textile trade, nevertheless, as Britain took control of India, around the time of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, the maximized productions and the more efficient and cheaper clothing of Britain dominated the Indian cloth industry. Therefore, one can argue that whilst the British tried to trade with India, they had also destroyed Indian industries, which impacted India negatively. On the other hand, the British impacted India negatively, they also benefitted India. The British may have destroyed most Indian industries, but the British rule also brought in many job opportunities for educated Indians in the government. (“Modern History Sourcebook: Dadabhai Naoroji: The Benefits of British Rule, 1871”-Fordham University) Additionally, the British Empire brought law and order and most importantly, technology with them and the British are the reasons why India is the most populous democratic state in the world which uses a common language in legal matter with: an immense length of railway lines in the Indian subcontinent, a proper sanitation system and an excellent university system without the colonization. (“Modern History Sourcebook: Dadabhai Naoroji: The Benefits of British Rule, 1871”-Fordham University) Lastly, the British rule affected India and ended up being involved with India for more than trade, and that is why colonization is an older form of globalization today. Next, another example of the effects of modern globalization that can also agree upon the relationship between colonization and globalization is how the items of the brand “Nike” are produced. Nike is a brand of athletic shoes and clothing, however, Nike does not produce their own products. (“Facts about Nike Sweatshops”- eHow) Instead, the company contracts with manufacturing facilities located throughout the world. Nike shoes are made in countries like China, Indonesia, and Vietnam, where it is illegal for workers to organize, and where wage rates are some of the lowest in the world. (“Facts about Nike Sweatshops”- eHow) The average pay at a Nike factory situated in Vietnam is $54 a month, which is almost three times the minimum wage for a state-owned enterprise. (“The Noble Feat of Nike”- YaleGlobal Online) The average pay for one month is $54, whereas one Nike shoe costs around $100-$200. (“The Noble Feat of Nike”- YaleGlobal Online) Moreover, this is a form of globalization as Nike products are made in counties with low wage rates, and that is so that the company does not have to pay that much for producing great amounts of products. This form of globalization relates to colonization because its intended purpose is to produce as many shoes and clothing as possible in order to succeed in the industrial world, however, they are affecting the lives of people (the workers who produce the Nike products in factories and possibly their families as well). (“Facts about Nike Sweatshops”- eHow) Nevertheless, the production of Nike shoes benefits us as the buyers as it provides us with comfortable, strong and stylish footwear, but it passes the boundaries of just producing footwear for people and it affects a countless amount of people in the world. Globalization is a method to be global, worldwide, international and the main purpose of it is to expand business operations on a worldwide level. (“How Globalization Affects Developed Countries”-Investopia) The purpose of globalization is very alike to the purpose of colonization which was in order to open markets and obtain raw materials through trading. Moreover, trade was the reason why the British were involved in India in the first place; however, the British affected India more than through trade. The British destroyed most Indian industries at that time however also introduced several job opportunities for educated Indian in the government. (“Modern History Sourcebook: Dadabhai Naoroji: The Benefits of British Rule, 1871”-Fordham University) The British also brought law and order and most importantly, technology with them. Additionally, the railway lines in the Indian subcontinent would not have been possible without the colonization. Next, Nike is an example of a form of globalization as it is a brand with branches of factories around the world (mostly in Asia); however, it has affected the lives of the workers due to the low wage whilst it has tried to succeed in the industrial world by producing more products and paying less. (“The Noble Feat of Nike”- YaleGlobal Online) Therefore, it can be argued that colonization is an older form of globalization because of their similar aims, however also because both colonization and globalization has affected the world, beyond the boundaries of their intended purposes. MLA Citation (Bibliography):

1. "Colonialism." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 1968. 29 Oct. 2012<>. 2. Pologeorgis, Nicolas. "How Globalization Affects Developed Countries." How Globalization Affects Developed Countries. N.p., 22 Apr. 2012. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <>. 3. Rees, Rosemary, and Martin Collier. India 1900-47. [Oxford.]: Heinemann, 2006. Print. 4. "Internet History Sourcebooks." Internet History Sourcebooks. N.p., July 1998. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <>.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • History of Essays to progress where it is today. From the phrase, “leadership as a catalyst for change in society,” it is safe to assume that it means a person rising to a leadership position in order to overcome injustices for the benefit of society.     A leader will rise to the occasion as a catalyst for change during desperate times, such as...

    Read More
  • Globalization essay

    ... The British Empire’s Impact on Globalization “It is said that arguing against globalization is like arguing against the laws of gravity.” –Kofi Annan Globalization is the “growth to a global or worldwide scale.” ( In the 20th century the world as a...

    Read More
  • Globalization essay

    ...India, land had to be cleared for the factories, and this resulted in a devastating loss of agricultural land. Since Coca-Cola is a transnational corporation, they definitely have the power to take the land from agricultural workers, taking away their livelihood, and leaving them with no source of income. This caused the agricultural market of I...

    Read More
  • essay history

    ...Byzantines/Islam Study Guide Codex Justinianus: Return of Fugitive Slaves & Coloni, c. 530 To strengthen the laws binding slaves and coloni to the soil precautions were taken to prevent landlords employing fugitives and to ensure their return. Xl.48.xii. We ordain that slaves, or tributaries, or inquilini shall remain with their lords...

    Read More
  • globalization

    ...Critically examine the proposition that national boundaries have been surmounted by the phenomenon of globalisation and that therefore, national governments are no longer able to promote independent economic policies. Marxism conceived of globalization to a great extent as simply the worldwide expansion of the capitalist mode of production...

    Read More

    ... EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION December 2, 2013 Globalization and modernization play a major role in a nation’s development. Nations such as China and Vietnam have ventured into the global economic stage in order to preserve their future . Their government’s reform laws on global manufacturing and exporting has improved their ...

    Read More
  • History of globalization Great Depression

    ... Contemporary economic history has been marked by both prosperity periods and systemic disruptions, which led to several international crisis. Preceded by the 1920's economic expansion, the Great Depression remains the most important crisis of the 20th century in terms of consequences and trauma. With the benefit of hindsight, contemporary ec...

    Read More
  • History of Globalization

    ...Globalization history Name: Institution: Scientist may approximate when the world was formed but people do not know how true this is. However, one thing is very clear; the way of our lives have changed from the most primitive to very a very advanced. Presently in the world there are sectors th...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.