Civilizations and Religion
September 23, 2013
23 September 2013
Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion
Thousands of years ago, Ancient River Civilizations were thriving. At the time, they were like Paris, France, London, England or New York, New York; they were the places everyone wanted to be. These river civilizations established farming, formal religious rituals, governments, and writing and with all of these put together, they eventually became popular cities that created technology that made life much easier. You might have heard of many of these well known ancient civilizations such as: Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China. None of these civilizations would have been known if they hadn't made use of the technology and ways of living they developed. Ancient Mesopotamia, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers1, is one of the many well known river civilizations. Ancient Mesopotamia consisted of city states including Assyria, Babylon, and many others. According to Document #1, at around 600BC, Assyrian physicians came up with the brilliant idea of using bandages to reduce swelling and to heal wounds. Might this be where the creation of "Band-Aids" started? It's always a possibility; the Ancient Mesopotamians created this thousands of years ago and we kept the invention growing because it worked. With the creation of the bandage, the Mesopotamians gained some thrill points in the area of medicine. The idea that was probably thought of as absurd eventually ended up being a technology that everybody uses to prevent wounds from becoming worse than what they start as. Bandages are still being used and updated in the 21st century. Imagine bandages in the next hundred years! Bandages weren't the only things Mesopotamians could boast about creating! Document #3 mentions that in Babylon, between 600 and 500BC, Nabupolassar, king of Babylon, started developing the building of the Great Ramparts of Babylon. However, by the time Nabupolassar's reign was ending, he had not yet finished the Great Ramparts. So his eldest son, Nabuchadnezzar, finished the Ramparts for his father. The finished Ramparts had a moat, 2 strong walls made of burnt brick circling the area, and fences 2. These Ramparts provided a type of safety barrier for the Babylonians. It protected them from the outside world; it was almost impossible from anyone to get in, and unless you knew a passageway, it was hard to get out. The next River civilization is Ancient Egypt. Egypt, located near the Nile River, was well known for many things3. These things included their new means of travel, their process of mummification, their pyramids, and many more! If you've read the Kane Chronicles Series by Rick Riordan, you would already have some background information in mind about Ancient Egypt. However, in case you haven't read the book, the picture in Document #2 shows that when it came to transportation across the Nile, navigation was tough. Not many people were able to get through the Nile's cataracts, rocks, rapids and waterfalls and while they were traveling across the Nile, things happened and they were never seen again. So, the Egyptians created a boat called a Baroque. The Baroque helped travel across the Nile become easier. Baroques were stronger than most other boats, so crashing into a rock once or twice didn't cause much damage. The Ancient Egyptians were also huge on domesticating plants and animals. They domesticated as much as cows down to the papyrus plant that they used to draw this primary source! The domesticated animals mainly helped with transportation on land and with food. The animals with higher populations could easily be killed to make food the same way we kill pigs, chicken, and cows to eat. The bigger animals such as cows could help carry things necessary to make even the smallest voyage into the desert. That's not the only thing Egyptians...
Bibliography: "China - EnchantedLearning.com." China - EnchantedLearning.com. EnchantedLearning.com. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION." Indus River Valley Civilization. N.p., 12 Sept. 2011. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"More to Explore." Science at Home: The Story of King Tut Continues. Fort Collins Museum and Discovery Science Center, 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"The Egyptians." The Egyptians. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Nebuchadnezzars Babylon." Ancient Babylonia - Nebuchadnezzar 's Babylon. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"Map of Ancient Mesopotamia." Map of Ancient Mesopotamia (Bible History Online). Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
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