history and philosophy of science

Topics: Netherlands, Charles Darwin, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Pages: 10 (1817 words) Published: October 10, 2013
1. It is concerned with the assumptions, foundations, methods, and implications of science. 2. It is the study of the historical development of human understanding of the natural world and the domains of the social sciences. 3. It denotes information acquired by means of observation or experimentation. 4. It refers to to a proposed explanation of empirical phenomena, made in a way consistent with scientific method. 5. He said that the Philosophy of science is about as useful to scientists as ornithology is to birds. 6. It is a body of empirical,theoretical, and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced by researchers making use of scientific methods, which emphasize the observation, explanation, and prediction of real world phenomena by experiment. 7. It is also concerned with the use and merit of science and sometimes overlaps metaphysics and epistemology by exploring whether scientific results are actually a study of truth. 8. He said that the world is made up of four elements.

9. They are the elements that are inward and downward.
10. He believed that the body was made up of four humours or liquids. 11. He calculated the circumference of the Earth.
12. He was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. 13. He believed that the Earth revolved the Sun.

14-17. What are the four humours or liquids.
18. Zeus:
19. Water:
20. Hades:
21. Earth:
22-23. What are the two great living forces in the universe? 24-25. Love-( ):
26-27. Strife-( ):
28. They are the first scientists.
29-30.State the philosophy of Empedocles.
31. Wet and Hot=
32. Dry and Cold=
33. Wet and Cold=
34. Hot and Dry=
35. Elements that are outwardly reaching.
36. Air and Water
37. Fire and Earth
38. Water and Earth
39. Fire and Air
40. It spark the birth of science.
41. He made the earliest recorded observation of the Andromeda Galaxy describing it as a "small cloud". 42. He is a prominent figure in Islamic Golden Age.
43. He introduced the decimal positional number system to the Western World. 44. He was a member of the team wo calculated the diameter of the Earth by the measurement of the meridian arc length. 45. According to Edward Granville Browne, he was probably the greatest and most original of all the physicians, and one of he most prolific s an author. 46. He was famous because of his books on vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia and standard medical textat many medieval universities. 47. He identified the Large Magellanic Cloud.

48. He was the first to differentiate smallpox and measles, and discovered numerous compounds and chemicals including kerosene, among others. 49. He argues that the world is not eternal and that God is simple as one. 50. He presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations in Arabic. 51-52. Give the two books written by Ibn-Sina.

53. He observed that the ecliptic plane is inclined with respect to the celestial equator and more accurately calculated the length of the tropical year. 54. He realised that light is reflected off objects into the eye. 55. He observed and described the stars, their positions, their magnitudes and color, setting out his results constellation by constellation. 56. He is a Polish clergyman who discovered the Earth and the other planets orbit the Sun. 57. He said that the heavens were unchanging.

58. He stated that the Earth is the center of the universe and concluded that the Sun and the other planets orbit the Earth. 59. He made accurate observations of the positions of stars and did not accept the Copernican theory. 60. He showed that the planets orbit the Sun in ellipses and they move faster as they approach the Sun. 61. In 1572, he saw a new star (a nova).

62. He said that change and decay only happens on Earth.
63. He invented the telescope.
64. A verse in the bible that commanded the...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Philosophy of Science in Nursing Essay
  • History and Philosophy: A Reflection Essay
  • Philosophy of Science Essay
  • Philosophy of Science Essay
  • Socrates: Philosophy to Science Essay
  • Science and Philosophy Essay
  • The Philosophy of Science Essay
  • Philosophy of Science Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free