History and Culture of Korea

Powerful Essays
a) Korean War (1950~1953)
After ruled by Japan, the Korean War (25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) had happened between South Korea and North Korea. South Korea was supported by the United Nations and North Korea was supported by China and the Soviet Union. The war was terribly continued till 1953 and both sides had suffered heavy casualties as follows. South North
Dead 178,426 367,283-750,282
Missing 32,925
Wounded 566,434 686,500-789,000
Apparently, this war broke out because political border between North and South Korea tensed and it deepened the division; the North established a communist government, while the South established a right-wing government. However, Kim Il-sung was determined to achieve reunification with the South Korea by force. The underlying reason is America and Russia were using it to fight without Hot War. By supporting South Korea, America tended to fight Communism without directly attacking Russia. For Russia, Stalin wanted to grow Communism through uniting the Korean Peninsula under communism.
America and its allies agreed to help defend South Korea with the support of the UN as they don’t want communists to extend their ideology into South Korea and Japan further. UN troops used Pusan as their base and captured Inchon and Seoul. When America participated in the war, South Korea only maintained a small territory. They decided to land at the city of Inchon which is very close to Seoul and 38th parallel. The location had been criticized as too risky, but UN Supreme Commander Douglas MacArthur insisted on carrying out the landing. By the early evening, the Marines had overcome moderate resistance and secured Inchon. The brilliant landing cut the North Korean forces in two, and America with UN force pushed inland to recapture Seoul that had fallen to the communists in June. Allied forces then converged from the north and the south, devastating the North Korean army and taking 125,000 enemy troops prisoner.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    South Korea Culture

    • 452 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Power distance
 At a score of 60, South Korea is a hierarchical society. This means that people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification. Hierarchy in an organization is seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular, subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat 

Individualism 


South Korea, with a score of 18 is considered a collectivistic society. This is manifest…

    • 452 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Early History of Korea

    • 461 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Early History of Korea Korea’s early history can be traced from the Paleolithic period about 500,000 years ago. It is believed that its history began in 2333 B.C.E. King Tangun, a legendary figure born of the son of heaven and a woman from a bear-totem tribe established the first kingdom named Choson which means “Land of the Morning Calm”. Characterized by clan communities that formed prefectures or provinces like in Japan, the country rose and fell so that by the first century B.C.E., 3 kingdoms…

    • 461 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    North Korea History

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The United States has had a troubled history with North Korea stemming from the beginning of the cold-war and continuing into the current age where tensions still exist. They are the self-claimed longest and most threatening adversaries to the United States. In response to this North Korea has been subjected to relentless amounts of sanctions and international pressure. The sanctions exist because of the resolution of the war and the attempt of the United States to limit the spread of communism.…

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Bank of Korea (BOK) is the central bank of South Korea and issuer of South Korean won. It was established on June 12, 1950 atSeoul, South Korea. The Bank's primary purpose is price stability. For that, the Bank targets inflation. The 2010–12 target is consumer price inflation of 3.0 ± 1%. ------------------------------------------------- History The Bank of Korea was established on June 12, 1950 under the Bank of Korea Act. Following liberation on August 15, 1945, the Korean economy was…

    • 2373 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Corporate Culture in South Korea Business in the XXI century is becoming more and more global, international; we find new partners in various, sometimes very exotic parts of the world. It is all possible thanks to the common language (assuming that "everybody" knows English), good and fast transportation and new ways of communication, like for example Internet. We are learning from each other and trying to adjust to new situations, although the differences are often much greater than just…

    • 3805 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    A café with a view. In the dreary city with towers of concrete structures everywhere… The dynamism of the younger generation brings energy to the lifeless city... When you commute on a bus through the city, you’ll find yourself looking with pity at the people walking by skyscrapers. But it’s people like those you see in the streets who build these tall buildings and work hard inside the offices to create new hope and dreams for themselves and other people. The city can be an unfriendly place…

    • 436 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    LITERS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL IN SOUTH KOREA PER YR SHARE OF SOJU IN THE SPIRITS MARKET IN SOUTH KOREA PRICE OF A BOTTLE OF SOJU RICE ALCOHOL Source: Quartz|Ritchie King ‘Sul’ def: general purpose Korean word for alcohol. Signifies a culture, sharing between friends Essential Social Activity in South Korea Belief: Alcohol brings people closer together Long tradition of consuming alcohol to celebrate holidays in which they honour ancestors. Some of the holidays included Lunar New…

    • 685 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pierpaoli’s, Truman and Korea the Political Culture of the Early Cold War, written in 1999, focuses on the American decision to mediate in the Korean War and the political, military, and social impact it left behind. Pierpaoli provides an understanding into America’s first undeclared conflict and the building of the national security state. The main emphasis is to analyze how the nation mobilized for the war and how that affected the economic scene and political culture of the United States. He…

    • 539 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History and Culture

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages

    HISTORY The first European settlers were led by a Portuguese named Ferdinand Magellan and although Portuguese, he was actually representing Charles 1st of Spain after taking Spanish nationality. The arrival in the Philippines was one of the discoveries of the expedition which was formed to find a route to the Spice Islands , known now as Indonesia. This trip was followed by more Spanish expeditions to the Philippines. Ferdinand Magellan has until this day, a cross named after him in Cebu. The expedition…

    • 1049 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Korea

    • 375 Words
    • 2 Pages

    modern era, every country is trying to make progress and wants to be best among all the countries. All the countries are different in the world. There is no country that is exactly the same as others. Every country has its own culture, rules and regulations. Colombia and South Korea are two different countries. Both countries have many different regarding festivals, food, and places. Festivals of Canada and Pakistan are mostly different from each other. Unlike Canada, there are mostly religious festivals…

    • 375 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays