top-rated free essay

history

By Joe-Doody Oct 22, 2014 701 Words

Soviet Union policies towards the USA were aimed at relaxing the tensions between them (45) I disagree with this statement as I feel that most soviet policies were not to relax the tension between the USA and the USSR but it was to increase tension in order to achieve their goal to become and equal superpower with the USA or to become even stronger than the USA.I feel that Relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were driven by a complex ideological, political, and economic factors, which led to shifts between cautious cooperation and often bitter superpower rivalry over the years, they were never really both relaxed at any given time with both being wary of the other constantly. An example to back up my opinion would be the Cuban missile crisis; this was a 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other side. The crisis is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict. The soviets in an attempt to combat the USA’s nuclear missile sites in turkey (which was in range of the USSR) placed nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba which was only a few miles of the coast of the USA. This showed that the USSR policy was not to relax the tension between the two nations but to increase the tension in order to achieve their goal of becoming a world superpower. Another point would be the invasion of Afghanistan by the USSR in 1979. This was seen as an expansion of communism by the USA and created tensions between the two nations. The USA and its allies were heavily critical of the USSR’s invasion on Afghanistan and imposed economic sanctions and trade embargoes against the Soviet Union, called for a boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics, and stepped up its aid to the Afghan insurgents. 4 years after the invasion of Afghanistan tensions between the two nations rose again with the KAL 007 incident, in 1983 a Korean passenger aircraft on its way to Seoul from new York was shot down by a USSR aircraft and killing all 269 passengers including a US politician. Originally the USSR denied knowledge of the incident, but later admitted the shooting, claiming that the aircraft was on a spy mission. The Politburo said it was a deliberate provocation by the United States to test the Soviet Union's military preparedness, or even to provoke a war. The White House accused the Soviet Union of obstructing search and rescue operations. This incident was considered as one of the tensest moments in the cold war as it sparked an escalation of anti-Soviet sentiment, particularly in the United States. These points support the disagreement of the statement as they show that the USSR were not aiming at creating a relaxed tensions between the USA and USSR but to achieve their aim of becoming an superpower equal to the USA. There are arguments to support the statement such as efforts to move towards détente and Gorbachevs policies. One of the main moves towards relaxed tensions was the INF talks in 1987 where the treaty eliminated nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with intermediate ranges, defined as between 500-5,500 km (300-3,400 miles). This showed significant steps towards détente and relaxed tensions as it was a huge step in the disarmament of the nation’s playing down the idea of a ‘cold war’. In conclusion I feel even though the Soviet regime proclaimed a policy of detente and sought increased economic cooperation and disarmament negotiations with the West. The Soviet stance on human rights and its invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 created new tensions between the two countries. These tensions continued to exist until the dramatic democratic changes of 1989-91 led to the collapse during this past year of the Communist system and therefore the soviet union fell short of the USA and were not able to achieve their aim of equality as a superpower as tensions were usually at a high and never reached a significant era of low tensions. Joe Doody

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Why History Matters

    ...Why Does History Matter? History is one of the most underappreciated subjects included in a modern education. Many students regard history as a useless subject that their school requires for some reason. What’s the point of learning about dead people and what they did, when you can learn about something that will be relevant to the presen...

    Read More
  • How Historians Study History

    ...Your Full Name Instructor's Name Class Name Date How Do Historians Study History? People might tend to think of a historian, particularly an instructor, as someone who has a fairly straightforward and simple profession. After all, history is already written. Thus, it should simply be a matter of just memorizing a series of facts. Of cou...

    Read More
  • History and Memory

    ...MODULE C – History and Memory The Fiftieth Gate by Mark Baker suggests that a combination of history and memory is essential in making meaning, i.e. in shaping perceptions of the world around us. How does baker represent this combination to create meaning? History can be viewed as a sequential series of indisputable events, whereas memory ...

    Read More
  • Is History Important?

    ...Is History Important? One reason why history is important it that the past has value to our society. Thousands of people throughout history have gone to great lengths to record history through newspapers, diaries, journals, saved letters, family Bibles, and oral traditions. It is believed that Aborigines of Australia actually managed to hang o...

    Read More
  • Big history

    ...LITTLE BIG HISTORY ASSIGNMENT Assignment summary Write your own little big history (in Dutch or English): Select a subject or object that you really like. Find one connection between your choice and a topic discussed in each class mentioned in the assignment form. Elaborate the three most intriguing connections that you have f...

    Read More
  • History and Perspective

    ...The study of history is a crucial component within our society, it allows us to educate ourselves so we are aware of what changes the world has gone through and what people have faced within the past. Not only this, but studying history will hopefully allow us to come closer to why certain events occurred and via the analysis of multiple perspec...

    Read More
  • Micro History

    ...It is the most interesting and innovative approach to history. The pathfinder of the field was the German Historian George G Igger. He developed it as a methodology in 1970’s to counter the traditional methodology of Social sciences. The basic objection of him was that through the traditional methodology it is not possible to know the c...

    Read More
  • History and Memory

    ...Past, present, future History and memory- which one to believe? The people who survived the Holocaust are slowly disappearing. The number of these survivors is decreasing drastically year by year. Does that mean the memory of these brave fighters leave this world with them? Yes? No? This is where the role of history enters the image. Reco...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.