history
Topics: Slavery, Rebellion, Haiti / Pages: 6 (1355 words) / Published: Mar 25th, 2014

Passive and Active resistance
Slaves hated slavery and they rejected this imperial ideology by active and passive rsistance.

Active
Revolts were the most daring form of active resistance employed by the slaves. This normally resulted in bloodshed, as slaves and whites died and a large number of properties were destroyed. There were four major slave revolts in the Caribbean. These were:
Berbice/Coffy Revolt (1763)
Haitian Revolution (1791)
Barbados/Bussa 's Revolt (1816)
Sam Sharpe/Christmas Rebellion (1831)
The Haitian Revolution.
Causes
Slaves ' resentment of the ill- treatment they received from managers/overseers.
The lack of provisions available to the slaves.

Revolt
The revolt took place under the leadership of Coffy, an Africa-born slave. It began on the Magdalenburg Plantation on the Conje River, and quickly spread to the Berbice River. This revolt was one of the most prolonged battles of enslaved Africans against whites. It lasted for a full 20 months, from the close of February 1763 to December 1764.

The slaves had two major contentions: a) they were badly treated by the whites,
b) they desired a designated area where they could live in freedom.
The whites, being unable to suppress the rebellion, solicited the support of Native Americans. It was at this point that the dominant class began to crush slave resistance.

Effect
By October 1763, Coffy had committed suicide, rather than submit to defeat.
Despite their heroic resistance, most of the Africans succumbed to fever. It was not until December 1764 that all remaining Africans were captured.
Seven leaders in the revolt were broken at the wheel, while two others were severely beaten, branded under the gallows and deported from the colony.

Barbados/Bussa 's Revolt (1816)

Causes
Slaves ' belief that emancipation was being withheld.
Activities of nonconformist missionaries.
Barbadian planters ' refusal to accept the Slave Registration Bill.
Failure of the



References: Caribbean Revision History for CXC, Peter Ashdown and Francis Humphreys History of Jamaica, Clinton V. BlackThe Haitian Revolution and its Effects, Patrick E. Bryan Caribbean Story Book 1, William Claypole and John Robothom Slaves Who Abolished Slavery, Vol 1, Richard Hart Maroon Societies, Richard Price Sam Sharpe: From Slave to Hero, C.S Reid

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