Historical Timeline

Topics: Athletic training, Athletic trainer, Sports medicine Pages: 9 (1700 words) Published: December 15, 2011
The Historical Timeline of Athletic Training
Sara Meadows
KIN 730: History and Philosophy of Athletic Training
Devin Beasley
Fresno Pacific University
4 December 2011

Indiana State University offers first four-year AT degree
Indiana State University offers first four-year AT degree
NATA was initially founded at Drake Relays, Iowa
NATA was initially founded at Drake Relays, Iowa
The First Aider published by the Cramer brothers
The First Aider published by the Cramer brothers
Cramer Products formed by brothers
Cramer Products formed by brothers
The Trainers Bible is published
The Trainers Bible is published

1948
1948
1938
1938
1922
1922
1918
1918
1881
1881
1932
1932
James Robinson hired at Harvard-first AT role
James Robinson hired at Harvard-first AT role

1881

1918

1922

1932

1938

1948

Harvard University hired James Robinson to fulfill the position of the athletic trainer. Harvard and Yale are credited as being the first two universities to hire athletic trainers on staff in order to treat and rehabilitate injuries (Winterstein, 2009). Before this time, coaches and team physicians played the main role in treating and preventing athletic injuries (Winerstein, 2009).

Dr. Samuel Bilik is noted for publishing the first copy of The Trainers Bible, which to many has been accredited as the first book dedicated to the profession of athletic training (Winterstein, 2009).

Charles and Frank Cramer began a business during this year that would eventually become known as Cramer Products, a very popular name spoken among brothers and sisters in athletic training to this day. The U.S. Olympic team hired the Cramer brothers to travel with them among with other athletic trainers in 1932 (Winterstein, 2009).

The Cramer brothers published The First Aider after travelling with the U.S. Olympic team in 1932. The monthly newsletter provided many avenues of information for athletic trainers that opened their knowledge to new and upcoming methods in treating and rehabilitating athletic injuries. It also provided for discussion amongst fellow athletic trainers to share ideas, concepts, and other methods in athletic training (Delwiche & Hall, 2007; Peterson).

The initial attempt of creating the National Athletic Trainer’s Association (NATA) occurred at the Drake Relays in Des Moines, Iowa under the direction of William Frey and Charles Cramer. There were two annual meetings held every year up until 1944 when the NATA could no longer function because of a lack of funding caused by World War II (Winterstein, 2009; Peterson).

The first comprehensive athletic training curricula, providing a four-year undergraduate degree, was offered at Indiana State University (Delwiche & Hall, 2007). First AT curriculum model approved by the NATA

First AT curriculum model approved by the NATA
NATABOC established; First certification exam taken
NATABOC established; First certification exam taken
NATA adopted the Code of Ethics

NATA adopted the Code of Ethics

Journal of Athletic Training goes into publication
Journal of Athletic Training goes into publication
NATA Committee on Gaining Recognition appointed
NATA Committee on Gaining Recognition appointed
1955
1955
1970
1970
1959
1959
1957
1957
1956
1956
1950\0
1950\0
NATA
formally established in Kansas City, Missouri.
NATA
formally established in Kansas City, Missouri.

1950

1955

1956

1957

1959

The NATA organization was formally re-established during this year when 200 male athletic trainers met in Kansas City, Missouri. June 24th and 25th marked the date of the first National Training Clinic, with 100 athletic trainers in attendance. A group of individuals met during this meeting and established nine districts throughout the nation who would be self-governing, having one individual serving from each district to make up the Board of Directors. This organization is the most widely known...

Bibliography: Delforge, G. D. & Behnke, R. S. (1999). The History and Evolution of Athletic Training Education in the United States. Journal of Athletic Training. 34(1). 53-61.
Delwiche, F. A. & Hall, E. F. (2007). Mapping the literature of athletic training. Journal of the Medical Library Association. 95(2). 195-201.
Glover, L. (2010). Certified Athletic Trainers. Minnesota Medicine. December. 43-45.
Kent, L.T. (2011). Females in athletic training. Livestrong.com
Perrin, D. H. (2007). Athletic Training: From Physical Education to Allied Health. Quest. 59. 111-123.
Peterson, C. L. (Date Unknown). Athletic Training: Chapter 15. Jones and Bartlett LLC. 273-291.
Winterstein, A. P. (2009). Athletic Training Student Primer: A Foundation for Success. SLACK Incorporated: Thorofare, New Jersey. 2nd Ed. 25-38.
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