Historical policy

Topics: Police, Miranda v. Arizona, Crime Pages: 4 (2116 words) Published: November 3, 2014

Our criminal justice system demands a continuous evolution to create success within the department. The last 60 years society has provoked change with our criminal justice system. These changes vary across three different areas inside the departments; corrections, courts, and policy. Corrections had a large advancement in their policy with PREA. PREA is the prison rape elimination act and protects offenders and employees. The criminal justice court system made adjustments to policies on self-defense by creating the standard your ground law. A major policy change took place in the state of Arizona due to illegal immigration. The policy was show your paper law. Identifying the opportunities for cooperation between the different elements of the criminal justice system and implementing those policies. In the 1980’s and 90’s, a “get tough on crime” mentality permeated society leading to changes in sentencing laws for inmates in a correctional facility. This has led to insensitivity over the flight of incarcerated persons, including false, inhumane beliefs such as; those perceived as lesbians, gay, bisexual or transgender bring sexual violence upon himself or herself, those who have committed violent crimes deserve to be sexually assaulted. “The purpose of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) is to establish a zero-tolerance standard for the incidence of sexual violence in corrections in the United States”. Sexual violence in corrections is typically not reported, and generally inmates are not evaluated properly. Resulting in receiving little to no assistance and treatment for the psychological and physical effects from sexual assaults. Majority of correctional officers start the job unprepared and not sufficiently informed on how to deal with inmates that have been sexually assaulted. While studies show the rate of HIV and AIDS in juvenile correctional facilities is low, sexual violence places youth at risk for increase in effective inmates including increase in...

References: Marion, N. him and him and E., & Oliver, W. M. (2006). The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
National PREA Resource Center. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.prearesourcecenter.org/training-technical-assistance/prea-essentialsOperation Cooperation. (1999, May). A Literature Review of Cooperation and Partnerships Between Law Enforcement and Private Security Organizations. Retrieved from http://www.ili.org/publications/docs/operations-cooperation
Race, Drugs, and Law Enforcement in the United States. (2009). Human Rights Watch. Retrieved from http://www.hrw.org/print/news/2009/06/19/race-drugs-and-law-enforcement-united-states
Ritchie, J., The Rise of Robocop, The Huffington Post, 2014, www.huffingtonpost.com
United States Courts, Facts and Case Summary Miranda v. Arizona (1966), www.uscourts.gov
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