Historical Individuals Impact on Modern America

Topics: Charles Darwin, Evolution, René Descartes Pages: 4 (1186 words) Published: June 23, 2013
Historical Individuals Impact on Modern America
1. Introduction
Philosophers and scientist of the past have shaped the world we live in today. Although these individuals lived centuries ago, their contribution to society is everlasting. In this paper I will discuss three historical individuals who have added to the success of our modern day world. John Locke, Charles Darwin, and Rene Descartes have had great impact on modern day science, religion, education and government. 2. John Locke Historical Significance

John Locke was an English philosopher and is believed to be one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers. 17th-century Locke introduced the philosophy that humans agree to a social contract that allows the government to efficiently conduct society in harmony with natural law. He believes that without the control of the government, people would not behave in an acceptable manner and corrupt society. On contrary to the government, he felt the people should have the right to remove the government if they felt their natural rights were being threatened. Under natural law are natural rights. “Natural rights hold that because individuals are human beings capable of rational thinking and moral behavior, they are due all the rights one would have in the natural state.” Therefore Locke believed that all individuals are inherently good and created equally. This means individuals should innately be given natural rights which include: life, liberty, and property. 3. John Locke Contemporary Significance

John Locke’s philosophies have had a large impact on modern day America. Locke influenced the Government during the Industrial Revolution with his original ideas. The Industrial Revolution allowed America to ratify the government. It forced the government to pass work related laws that were beneficial to the middle class and the economy. Without our modern day machinery we would have fewer jobs and a much weaker country economically. This could have...

Cited: Descartes, Rene. "Discourse on Method." The Online Literature Library. Knowledge Matters Ltd., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
Darwin, Charles. "The Origin of Species." The Online Literature Library. Knowledge Matters Ltd., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
Darwin, Charles. “The Descent of Man.” The Online Literature Library. Knowledge Matters Ltd., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012.
Winfried, Butler, Letitia Snow, Janet Balk, Gil Cloud, and Catarina Giammona. "Module 3." History & Philosophy Western Culture Lecture. 12 Sept. 2012. Lecture.
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