Top-Rated Free Essay

Historical Essay - Alexander the Great a Villain

Good Essays
l Historical Essay; Alexander the Great
Alexander is a figure of controversy. Depending on your point of view, he can be seen as a hero or a villain. Discuss.
Is Alexander the Great a villain or a hero?

My point of view: Villain.

Alexander had done many “great” things throughout his lifetime. But behind all of that, he was a vicious, cruel, soulless and murderous villain. He was a greedy, horrible leader. Alexander the Great was not great at all; he was a voracious and hardhearted less than a human being. He did a great deal of things that would be frowned upon today. For example, Alexander slaughtered innocent and holy men. He also treated his troops with disrespect and disregard. Furthermore, he was a reckless and negligent typical military leader.
Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. He was son of Philip II, King of Macedonia, and Olympias, the princess of neighbouring Epirus. He spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power, winning victory after victory on the battlefields throughout the Balkans. When he was 13, Philip hired the Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander’s personal tutor. During the next three years of Alexander’s life Aristotle gave Alexander training in rhetoric and literature which stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy, all of which became of importance in Alexander’s later life. In 340 B.C., when Philip assembled a large Macedonian army and invaded Thrace, he left his 16 year old son with the power to rule Macedonia in his absence as regent, which shows that even at such young age Alexander was recognized as quite capable.
Alexander was approximately 20 years old when his father King Phillip was assassinated. The murder occurred during October 336 BCE, at Aegae, the ancient capital of the kingdom of Macedon.
Throughout his lifetime, Alexander the “Great” conquered many cities, states and lands more than most kings, which influenced his recognition in present years. In that aspect, he was considered, great. He had several localities under his control. Alexander declared war on Persia in 334 B.C., defeating a Persian army near the city of Troy.
Alexander had gained control of lands along and beyond the southern shores of the Caspian Sea, into much of Central Asia.
His final conquest was in 326 B.C. when he invaded the Punjab. He arrived in Babylon in 323 B.C., and died there of a fever at the argued age of 30-34. Theories concerning his cause of death have ranged from poisoning to bacterial infection from drinking contaminated water.
To begin with, Alexander did a great deal of distasteful things. For example, while he was conquering India, he met with the Brahmins to “learn” of Hinduism, and then, after he learned what he wanted to know, he would execute the Brahmins. Also, when Alexander was fighting with King Porus of India, he would find natives of the towns, and if they resisted and attempted to flee, he would have them killed.
When Alexander was fighting with King Porus of India, he would find natives of the towns, and if they resisted and attempted to flee, he would have them killed. If they stayed and obeyed him, they would be sold into slavery in horrible, inhumanly, cruel, torturous conditions.
Additionally, Alexander was a man that did not let anything stand in his way. If something was not in his way, he would demolish it for fun. This applies to more than buildings and structures; Alexander was known for ruthlessly slaughtering entire villages. It is estimated that Alexander slaughtered over one hundred thousand innocent men, and enslaved tens of thousands of innocent women, and children. Alexander would conquer a city, claim the riches for himself, and then, sell the harmless citizens into slavery. If armies retreated during a long lost battle, Alexander would chase down the retreating armies, and massacre them. He had no regard for anybody, including his own men, who would solemnly sacrifice their lives for him.
Alexander was notorious for sending his men into battles, even when he was well aware that they were going to get butchered. When Alexander was on a conquest to defeat Persia, he did not use many military tactics. When he was drunk, he let his men burn down the Great Palace. Alexander went into many battles drunk, as a result of this, a plethora of his men died for no reason.
Arguing my point, he was also a brilliant battle tactician. He created a famous method called the “Hammer and Anvil.” During this attack Alexander would have his men hold out long spears (Hammer) as the cavalry came around the enemies back (Anvil) and the enemy would be squished between the spears and the cavalry.
In summary, Alexander the Great was a ruthless man. He did not have any regard for the innocent, or even his own warriors. He neglected, mistreated and misused his troops in inhumane ways. Alexander was a Villain with a brilliant mind; although he did conquer 70 cities and rebuilt approximately most of them.

--------------------------------------------
[ 1 ]. http://www.ancientmacedonia.com/AlexandertheGreat.html ~ 2003
[ 2 ]. http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html ~ Project of; http://www.historyofmacedonia.org
[ 3 ]. http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html ~ Project of; http://www.historyofmacedonia.org
[ 4 ]. http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html ~ Project of; http://www.historyofmacedonia.org
[ 5 ]. http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-the-great-9180468 ~ 2013

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    In his early age, Alexander The Great was involved in many battles and high command position. Alexander…

    • 1227 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander The Great Dbq

    • 680 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Alexander was great because of his intelligence. In document B it states the story behind the last superior battle Alexander fought and how he used his intelligence to strike at the enemy Prince Porous.…

    • 680 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Alexander The Great was a military genius throughout the Ancient World by never losing a battle and naming 70 city after him and his horse after him. Also Alexander The Great travel 3,000 miles throughout his years in battle. Alexander The great dies at age 32 years, his death was unknown and it was said he died at a party by drinking too much wine. The death of Alexander The Great was also said it was done by his son and by his former teacher Aristotle made have some connection of being involved in Alexander The Great death and the king of…

    • 680 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Son of Phillip II, Alexander the Great is considered one of the greatest military commanders of all times. Alexander grew up watching his father Phillip II transforming Macedonia into a great military power. After his father Phillip II was killed by a bodyguard, he became king of Macedonia to then become Alexander the Great. Alexander employ the latest technology to conquer civilizations, such as the catapult and the serge tower. His intelligence and the way he commanded his military made him the most powerful man in the world. Macedonians were considered inferior to other city-states. Alexander the great wanted to achieve his father ambitions, he wanted to be Greece, seize Macedonia, and he wanted to invade the Persian Empire. He transformed…

    • 527 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Path

    • 1237 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Alexander the third of Macedon was considered to be the great (greatest?) ruler of Asia Minor during his conquest of the Persian Empire. As an effective general, Alexander won the majority of his battles during the conquest, and created new societies for the people. His success created an expansion of the Greek empire, and conquered many lands for Alexander to be considered a great leader, and the creator of Asian civilization. Put this in italics and you have a solid thesis! Was your final decision that he was great then? Remember that this is the central question of the assignment!…

    • 1237 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Alexander

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages

    His courage was even more than remarkable. Not only because he used to fight side by side with his men while important & great leaders like him stood back; but he even made the first charge himself. And to Alexander The Great that wasn’t enough he had to wear a different and unique suit so his enemy & their assassins would know him in the…

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Alexander the great was a Macedonian king. His father was the famous king of Macedonia, Philip II. He conquered a lot of land in a few years. He conquered 3000 miles in 13 years. Alexander the greats father was very advanced in military therefore he inherited those skills. His army never surpassed 40,000 members and which made them smaller and they moved faster. Philip II was also form Macedonia and was Alexander’s the greats father. He was held hostage in Thebes where he learnt military skills from Epaminondas. Philip II conquered nearby lands at first. After that he started to conquer Greek city-states. By 338 B.C.E he had already conquered most of Greece. Philip II military format was Phalanx. A rectangular group of soldiers who traveled…

    • 135 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Recently, in class, we have been learning about Alexander the great, specifically whether he was a villain, or a hero. I lean more towards the side of villain to most, except for Macedon, because the land was all for them. He could be thought of as a villain because he enslaved 30,000 and killed 6,000 in Thebes, attempted to force all people into one culture and strip them of their own, and he also treated those who tried to escape horrendously.…

    • 314 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander the Great is a villain because he murdered thousands and thousands of innocent people and he would conquer civilizations against their will.…

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip’s seven or eight wives). He was brought up with the belief that he was of divine birth. “From his earliest days, Olympias had encouraged him to believe that he was a descendent of heroes and gods. Nothing he had accomplished would have discouraged this belief,” writes Wellesley College classics professor Guy MacLean Rogers in his book "Alexander" (Random House, 2004). “Achilles, Alexander’s model and ancestor, had not even takenTroy …”…

    • 4003 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    AP World History

    • 543 Words
    • 3 Pages

    3. Let’s to look at Alexander of Macedon’s story by examining three possible definitions of greatness.…

    • 543 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was born on July 20, 356 BC in Pella. He was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia. At the age of 14, King Philip hired the Greek Philosopher Aristotle to tutor Alexander. For 3 years, Aristotle taught him eloquence and literature. Aristotle also sparked his interest in medicine, science and philosophy. At the age of 18, Alexander was in charge of the Companion Cavalry. Alexander’s father was assassinated in 336 BC. At the age of 20, he was dedicated to seize throne. He gathered his support from the Macedonian army and his mother. They helped him murder other potential heirs. He was the king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia from 336 to 323 BC.…

    • 501 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander’s youth was accountable for much the success of the Macedonian conquests. On July 20th, 356 BC, Alexander was born in the Pella, Macedonia to parents King Phillip and Queen Olympia. The earliest education Alexander would receive was under…

    • 881 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander the Great was a major historical figure in the ancient world, the achievements he gained throughout his life were due to his personal attributes although he owes much of his success’ due to his parents and family background strategically training him throughout his childhood to later gain those major success’ throughout his life.…

    • 525 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alexander the Great was conceived in the Pella locale of Macedonia on July 20, 356 B.C., to folks King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, King Neoptolemus’ daughter. Alexander and his sister were brought up in Pella's imperial court. Growing up, Alexander scarcely ever saw his dad, who invested the greater part of his energy occupied with military crusades and additional conjugal issues. In spite of the fact that Olympia served as an effective good example for the kid, Alexander developed to loathe his dad's nonappearance and philandering. Coached by Aristotle, the sovereign assumed responsibility of the Companion Cavalry at age 18 and supported Philip in crushing the Athenian and Theban armed forces at Chaeronea. After his father died,…

    • 490 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays