Historical and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality
In this paper I will be talking about the historical and scientific perspective on homosexuality. This paper I will discuss three different perspectives on the subject them being the biological, historical and psychological perspective on homosexuality. Another thing that I will go over is the impact that all these perspective may have on how homosexuals look and feel about themselves. Looking at and analyzing the experience of a homosexual coming out as gay and being able to adjust to their new life. And last, how the biological, historical and psychological perspectives have impacted my sexual orientation and how its made me look at homosexuality. Historical perspectives of Homosexuality, whether it's gay or lesbian has existed all throughout time. There has been a lot of different views and attitudes toward homosexuality that also included tolerances in some societies with open acceptance. But then in most other societies this type of lifestyle has had strong disapproval of. While homosexuality has mostly been condemned, this wasn’t always the case. There are a few examples that I can give, one being ancient Greece and Rome. In Greece it was actually common for established males to have these sexual relationships with younger males, young males that were reaching puberty. “Romans described highly feminine gay men who dressed flamboyantly, had showy hair styles and mannerisms, and cruised certain neighborhoods, searching for partners.” (Rathus, 2011 p. 287). In these day the church had a huge influence on everyone and activities such as these ones where strongly looked down on and not accepted and considered a sin. Other religions, like Jewish denominations and Islam feel the same way about homosexuality practices and they continue to be condemned to this day. Now biological perspective is something different. “Biological perspectives focus on the possible roles of evolution, genetics, and hormonal influences in shaping sexual orientation.” (Rathus, 2011 p. 291) Some evolutionary perspective hypotheses are still speculative but there are also thought that homosexuality alliances bind the group members together emotionally that gives them a better chances of survival. Studies that have also been done on the family tree of homosexuals where women who are related to someone who is homosexual will then be more likely to have an offspring who is then homosexual as well. These studies have us believe in the genetic perspective with considerable evidence that suggest homosexuality orientation runs within your families genetics. There also have been evidence that found on the X sex chromosome that may be linked to gay male sexual orientation. While there has been a so called "gay gene" that may be found, researchers have not yet found a particular gene that is specifically linked to a person sexual orientation and neither do scientists know how this potental gene relate to sexual orientation. Also studied, the hormonal influences on our bodies to see if there are any links that determine sexual orientation. To help further this determination there have been studies done on pregnant rats where testosterone has been blocked and the male offspring were likely to show more feminine mating patterns. “It remains possible that imbalances in prenatal sex hormones may cause brain tissue to be sexually differentiated in one direction even though the genitals are differentiated in the other.” (Rathus, 2011 p. 293) In the psychological perspectives on homosexuality there are two major psychological approaches to understanding the origins of sexual orientation, psychoanalytical theory and analytical theory. Sigmund Freud was one of the originators of psychoanalytic theory. He believed that children are naturally open to all the forms of sexual stimulation. In Freud's psychoanalytical...
References: Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity, Eighth edition, by Spencer A. Rathus, Jeffrey S. Nevid, and Lois Fichner-Rathus. Published by Allyn & Bacon.
Copyright © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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