Topics: Native Americans in the United States, American Old West, Wounded Knee Massacre Pages: 5 (1546 words) Published: September 19, 2013
1.|What happened to the Plains Indian population between 1780 and 1870?ØThe population declined by half because of disease and as the Sioux pushed west, they defeated weaker opposition. Cheyenne warrior anguished, disease shifted balance of power | 2.|Explain the Indian wars on the Great Plains:ØIt marked its last resistance of its population devastated by disease and demoralized by the removal policy pursued by the government. Some tribes including the crow, Arikara, Pawnee and Shoshoni fought alongside US army against their own enemies, the Sioux. In 1877 the army issued an ultimatum come on to the reservation or be hunted down. |

3.|What was the purpose and outcome of educational opportunities that white reformers provided to Native American children?ØThey proposed that Indian children be sent off reservation boarding schools. Where they would be forced to adopt white dress, manners, culture, and language. In the face of this assault on their cultures, Indians found a way to resist, adapt, and hold on to their culture identify. |

4.|What happened to the buffalo herds on the Great Plains?ØThe Sioux, hunting on horseback, staked their survival on the buffalo. A host of environmental and human factors contributed to the decline of the bison. After the Civil war, that nearly brought the extinction of the bison. With leather belting and the combination of slaughter.|

5.|What is the Battle of the Little Big Horn?Ø“Custer’s last stand “Battle between Sioux warriors led by crazy horse and Sitting Bull and American cavalry led by George Armstrong Custer. Custer charged into a Sioux encampment, he and his men were killed. This was a major military victory for the Sioux but their success was short lived. |

6.|What was the easiest way to get rich in the silver mining industry?ØAn active San Francisco stock market sprang up to finance operations on the Comstock. The easiest way to get rich was to sell their claims or to form mining companies and sell shares of stock instead of mining. Speculation, misrepresenting, and outright thievery ran out of control. |

7.|What were Virginia City, Nevada, and other mining centers like?ØVirginia City quickly became an industrial center with more than 1,200 stamping mills working on average a ton of ore every day. Almost 400 men working in a milling nearly 300 labored in manufacturing industries and roughly 3,00 toiled in the mines. Comstock miners commanded $4 a day, the highest wage in the mining west. |

8.|Explain what the Chinese did in the West:ØThe Chinese exclusionary act led to a sharp drop in the Chinese population from 105,465 to 1889 to 89,683 in 1900 because Chinese immigrants overwhelmingly male, did not have families to sustain their population.|

9.|What happened to mining in the West by the 1870s?ØMiners from all over the world flocked to the west, few struck rich but many stayed on has paid workers in the increasingly mechanized corporate. |

10.|Who lived in the area from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean in the last decades of The nineteenth century?ØAfrican Americans who ventured out to the territories face hostile settlers determined to keep the west for whites only, Hispanics people had lived in the texas and southern since juan de onate led pioneer settlers up with the rio grande.|

11.|Who built America's first transcontinental railroad? ØCharles Crocker hired Chinese gangs to work on the Central pacific, some 12,000 Chinese, representing 90 percent of Crocker’s workforce completed the first transcontinental railroad. | 12.|Why did so many people migrate to the West during the three decades after 1870?ØA 1790 federal statute that limited naturalization to “white persons” was modified after the Civil War to extend naturalization to blacks. Chinese and other Asians found work. |

13.|What was agriculture like in the West?ØIt became a big business tied to national and global markets, an increasingly number of laborers...
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