HIST 1302 notes

Topics: Cold War, Vietnam War, Korean War Pages: 3 (1451 words) Published: November 3, 2014

Oct 14, 2014
American Isolationism
Throughout the Great Depression, Isolationist sentiment reigned across America as a strenuous focus on the domestic economy and disillusionment left over from WWI fed opposition to foreign entanglements. It was within this context that a series of threats to world peace arose, as Japan, Italy and Germany all belligerently sought to expand their influence and territory at the expense of nearby peoples. Yet, even as these aggressors represented an increasing threat to Western Civilization the American public remained strongly isolationist. Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler gained power in Germany by exploiting the psychological injuries inflicted on Germans by WWI. Tapping into an ugly strain of anti-Semitism in German Jews. In addition, he attacked the Treaty of Versailles, which had saddled Germany with heavy reparations. According to Hitler, Germany could rise anew and reclaim her position as a world power if the nation were purged of “Jewish Traitors,” freed from arduous reparation payments, and rescued from emasculation disarmament. WWII, PT 1

President Roosevelt responded to Hitler’s assault on Western Europe by declaring neutrality; yet, he also took a number of steps designed to help Britain. Even so, it wasn’t until December of 1941, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, that the U.S. entered the war. as a result, all the nation’s activities- farming, manufacturing, mining, trade, labor, investment, communications, even education and cultural undertakings-were geared toward the war effort. WWII, PT 2

In the first few months after the U.S. entered the war, the outlook for victory was bleak. Nevertheless, with the successful D-Day Invasion of France, the U.S. helped turn the tide against Nazi Germany in Europe. And, in the Pacific, the U.S. forced Japan to surrender after the dropping of two atomic bombs. Ultimately, WWII witnessed more death, cost more money, damaged more property, affected more people, and caused...
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