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AdamsOnís Treaty (1819)
The treaty between the
United States and Spain that gave Florida to the United States and set out a boundary between the United States and New Spain (now Mexico) that settle boundary disputes. Treaty was negotiated by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Don Luis de Onís. John Quincy Adams was big into gaining territory. The treaty was significant because it gave Florida to the United States and created a boundary line between Spanish territory and the US, which solved territory disputes about the Louisiana Purchase up until the MexicanAmerican War.
The Bank Veto (1832)
On July 10, 1832 Jackson vetoed the rechartering bill for the bank of the United States in a message that appealed both to state bankers and to foes of all banks. Henry Clay convinced Nicholas Biddle, President of the Bank, to apply to congress for a new charter, even though the current one wouldn’t expire for another 4 years, in order to create an issue to use against Jackson in the presidential campaign of 1832. His plan backfired. Congress failed to override Jackson’s veto and afterwards Jackson went on to destroy the National Bank. Jackson won the campaign and the Bank war, but he left the impression that the Democrats had played fast and loose with the nation’s credit system. By the end of Jackson’s presidency the country was in the economic panic of 1837. (page 264265)
Gag Rule (Passed in 1836)
The third resolution of the Pinckney Resolutions.
Northern abolitionists were using new advances in the printing industry were able to spread more than a million pieces of antislavery literature, much of which went to the south via US mail. Southern slave owners insisted that they were enticing the slaves to revolt, abolitionist tracts were burned and the President Van Buren was the President at the time not Jackson (Jackson was the
president that allowed the US postmasters to censor the mail, and the gag rule was passed during his presidency in 1836, the campaign by the abolitionists continue past his presidency and into Van Burens presidency, who took office
March 4, 1837.
allowed for US postmasters to censor the
mail. The gag rule was first passed in 1836 and was debated heavily through 1844. It said that any antislavery petitions would be automatically tabled with no discussion, as the abolitionists were viewed as fanatics.
John Tyler (1841)
The 10th President of the United States. Became president in
1841, after William Henry Harrison died, and was the first VP to do this. Was known as “his accidency”. Tyler used the negative power of presidential veto to stymie the whig program. In the end Clay (leader of the whigs) had no national bank, no funds for internal improvements, and only a slightly higher tariff. Although Clay’s leadership of the whigs was strengthened, Tyler had deprived that leadership of meaning by denying the whigs the legislative fruits of their victory in 1840
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
In August David Wilmot, a Pennsylvania democrat,
offered an amendment to an appropriations bill for the Mexican war, that any territory gained would be free of slavery. He stated that this was to preserve the freedom of White people, and thereby infuriated southern slaveowners, due to the implication that the mere proximity of slavery was degrading and that white southerners were a degraded people. The proviso was consistently rejected and never became law. The debate began a deep distrust between northerners and southerners. led to the Compromise of 1850 and the Free Soil party being established.
Free Soil Party (18481854)
Formed by dissidents of the Whigs, old Liberty ...
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