Hispanics and Latino Americans are citizens with origins in the Hispanic countries of Latin America or Spain. The term Hispanic was first adopted by the United States government during the administration of Richard M. Nixon. To be identified as “Hispanic” means that your ethnic background and heritage can be traced back to the original Spanish empire’s lineage. Spanish is a commonly spoken language in many states in America including California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
Hispanics and Latinos in the United States have existed since the 16th century. The only other group that has existed longer is the Native American Indians.
Juan Ponce de Leon is the first confirmed European who landed on America’s shores in 1513. This shore he christened La Florida. From La Florida the Spanish went on to the Appalachian Mountains, the Mississippi river, the Grand Canyon, the Great Plains, to what today is known as Bangor, Maine, and up the Pacific Coast to Oregon.
In 1528 to 1536 Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and three other castaways from a Spanish expedition journeyed from Florida to the Gulf of California. In some Hispanic families today Cabeza de Vaca has been shortened to Baca, my Grandma is a native of Santa Fe, New Mexico, her name is Maria Antonia Manuelita Baca (Blakely).
In 2008 the United States became the second largest Spanish speaking country, and is becoming a fully bilingual consumer economy. In 2010 Hispanics are expected to control almost a trillion in purchasing power. Hispanics have impacted and contributed to the United States in many Major ways to include politics, the military, music/arts, literature, philosophy, sports, business, economics, and science.
Hispanics showed and taught Californians how to pan for gold and introduced the method of using mercury to separate silver from worthless ores. They introduced some of the most common food we find in the US, includes: tacos, tortillas, and chili con carne. These were invented by Mexican-Americans living in Texas around 1880’s. A few other contributions are poinsettias (a flower), chewing gum, Chihuahuas, canasta, and rummy (both are games).
These are just a few examples:
Roberto Goizueta rose to head of the Coca-Cola Company.
Arte Moreno became the first Hispanic to own a major league team in the United States when he purchased the Los Angeles Angels baseball club.
Linda G. Alvarado, president and CEO of Alvarado Construction, Inc. and co-owner of the Colorado Rockies baseball team.
The largest Hispanic-owned food company in the U.S. is Goya Foods, which position it attained under World War ll hero Joseph A. Unanue. The son of the company's founder Angel Ramos was the founder of Telemundo, Puerto Rico's first television station and now the second largest Spanish language television network in the United States.
Samuel A. Ramirez, Sr. made Wall Street history by becoming the first Hispanic to launch a successful investment banking firm, Ramirez & Co.
Nina Tassler is president of CBS Entertainment since September 2004, and is the highest-profile Latino in network television and one of the few executives who has the power to green light series.
One of the most impressive office occurred in 2009, when Sonia Soto mayor became the first Supreme Court Associate Justice of Hispanic or Latino origin.
As of 2007 there were more than five thousand elected officeholders in the United States who were of Latino Origin holding office in the House of Representatives, Senators, as well as elected and appointed office in state and local government throughout the United States.
Cesar Chavez was born 31 March 1927 in Yuma; AZ. Mr. Chavez was a farm worker, labor leader, and civil right activist. He was known as one of the best civil right activist, and was also the founder...
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