Why do you think the event was important, and how does it fit into the conflict and changes of the 1920s? One of the events that I chose for my final project is The Meriam Report. The report was commissioned by the Department of Interior and Lewis Meriam was assigned as the technical director of the survey team. The team was to collect and convey information on the conditions of Native Americans across the country. Meriam submitted this report on February 21, 1928. The report remarks on topics, such as, health, education, poverty, and the despair that characterized many Indian communities. It criticizes the Department of Interior’s implementation of the Dawes Act with statistics, while bringing light to the overall conditions on reservations and in Native American boarding schools. According to Barnes & Bowles (2014) Harding argued in the 1920s that the nation needed “heroism but healing, not nostrums but normalcy, not revolution but restoration” (p. 7.1). I believe the Meriam Report was a start for the Native Americans to healing, normalcy, and restoration or rather as much normalcy as they could get at the time. How does the event you chose relate to your Final Project topic? In the late 1900s, the federal government’s policies for Native Americans of allotment and assimilation tried to change life for the Native Americans. By urging private ownership of tribal lands and education in strictly run schools, the government had tried to make Native Americans more like the typical “white” Americans. By the 1920s it became apparent just how much these policies had failed. The results and recommendations on education, economic development, family and community life, and other social concerns made by the Meriam Report were the basis for the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act (IRA), which redirected federal Native American policy. What does the primary source you chose tell you about this topic? My primary source is the actual Meriam Report, so it gives me the...
References: Barnes, L., & Bowles, M. (2014). The American story: Perspectives and encounters from 1877. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Meriam, L. (1928). The Problem of Indian Administration. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press.
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