HIS204 Week 5, Final
HIS204 – American History Since 1865
Women have fought for many years to gain rights and the ability to be treated as man’s equal. Women have earned the right to vote and work outside the home in jobs that were classically men’s work. Women earned the right to serve their country during wartime. However, women must work harder to prove that they are worthy of being treated as an equal. Women have made great advances in civil rights since 1865, but they still have a long way to go to be treated as man’s equal.
During this time period, women in the United States gained a little independence with the westward expansion. They had to learn to operate all machinery and to run their homestead just as well as their husbands in case of an emergency when he was not around. There were many homesteads that were entirely run by women. These women were widows that moved either west after their husbands died or inherited the land after their husbands or ancestor’s death.
During the 1900’s women worked as domestic laborers such as maids, cooks, waitresses, and launderers. Some women obtained manufacturing jobs for pay that was significantly less than male workers (Bowles, 2012). Women were also beginning to become teachers. One in every four teachers were women. By 1900, three out of every four teachers were women (Bowles, 2012).
After the slaves were freed in the South, the African American women took jobs as domestic workers. These were the same jobs that they had when they were slaves, only they were now able to earn a wage. In the homes that could not afford to hire outside domestic labor, the women of the home were forced to take on the responsibilities of running a home and some had to obtain jobs outside the home. These women took jobs outside of the home preparing meals, sewing in factories, and domestic work in upper class homes. There
References: All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (2012). Retrieved from www.aagpbl.org Allen, A Bowles, M. (2011). A history of the United States since 1865. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education. Constitution of the United States, Amendment XIX. (2012). National Archives. Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendment_19.html Margaret Sanger. (2012). Biography.com. from http://www.biography.com/people/margaret- sanger-9471186 Permeswaran, Y. (2008). The Women 's Army Auxiliary Corps: A Compromise to Overcome the Conflict of Women Serving in the Army Rosie the Riveter. (2012). History.com. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/rosie-the- Riveter Sherman, J. (1990). "They Either Need These Women or They Do Not": Margaret Chase Smith and the Fight for Regular Status for Women in the Military Susan B. Anthony Biography. (2011). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/susan-b-anthony-194905 Women in Congress, 1917–2006. (2007). Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk, Washington, D.C.: U.S