Causes and Outcomes of the Revolution
Part 1: Causes
Complete the grid by describing each pre-war event and explaining how it contributed to the Revolutionary War.
Contribution to the Revolutionary War
French and Indian War
The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France. This war is what made the British start taxing the colonists, because they were in a lot of debt. Sugar Act
This act is force you to pay a 3 cent tax on sugar It also increased taxes on coffee indigo, and wine and molasses. The Sugar Act was yet another tax forced on American colonists that enraged them because they were forced to pay taxes and did not have any representation in Parliament Stamp Act
The British made it so that all paper products had to get a stamp from the British government and that required you to pay a fee. This was a tax that enraged the colonists because they had no representation in congress and caused riots. Townshend Acts
A series of acts passed by the british starting in 1767. The purpose was to raise revenue in the colonies to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would remain loyal to Great Britain. Another tax they had to pay and they boycotted them.
The British put a tax on all tea 3 cents for each pound.
This act made colonists dump tea into the Boston Harbor and that made the British want to fight back. Intolerable Acts
As punishment for the Boston Tea Party, The British closed Boston Harbor and the colonists could only trade with England. When the British closed Boston Port, the colonists got angry. Boston Tea Party
The "Sons of Liberty"(a colonial group of men) Dressed up as Mohawk Indians an dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. This made the British want to fight back and it united them. Boston Massacre
A group of colonists terrorized some british troops and became intimidated by the large crowd and they fired on the colonists. 5 colonists died and 6 were wounded. It made many colonists angry and got many of the colonists thinking and leaning more towards rebellion. Declaration of Independence
Document written by the Committee of Five and signed by 56 men In 1776 that declares our independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence was the motivation for the colonists and they felt they had a right to carry out the terms of the Declaration.
Part 2: Outcomes
Complete the grid by describing each military event and explaining its relationship to the outcome of the Revolutionary War.
Relationship to the outcome of the Revolutionary War
Concord and Lexington
The colonists seemed week as they were fleeing but when they got to Concord they turned around and fired. The British found themselves surrounded and 273 of their men were killed. This was the first battle of the revolution
On May 10, 1775, Benedict Arnold of Massachusetts joined Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys of Vermont in an attack on the fort, surprising and capturing the British garrison. The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga was the first American victory of the Revolutionary War. It gave the Continental Army much-needed artillery that would be used in future battles. Second Continental Congress
The Second Continental Congress was a convention of the delegates from the Thirteen Colonies it was held in the summer of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This is where they started on the Declaration of Independence. Bunker Hill
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775 during the Siege of Boston. The colonial militia learned that British generals were planning to send troops from Boston to occupy the hills surrounding the city. The colonists surrounded the city and attacked when the British came. This demonstrated that the relatively inexperienced colonial forces were willing and able to stand up to the British troops Quebec
On September 13, 1759, the British under General James Wolfe achieved a dramatic victory when they battled on the cliffs over the city of Quebec and defeated French forces under Louis-Joseph de Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham. Quebec was the centre of French power in Canada, their major stronghold. Once it was captured, the French lost their place in Canada. Lake Champlain
During the Battle of Plattsburg on Lake Champlain, a newly built U.S. fleet under Master Commandant Thomas Macdonough destroys a British squadron, forcing the British to abandon their siege of the U.S. fort at Plattsburg and retreat to Canada on foot The American victory saved New York from possible invasion and helped lead to the conclusion of peace negotiations. The Americans saved New York from invasion and helped lead to the conclusion of peace. Trenton
George Washington crosses the frozen Delaware River for the Hessians in the night and Surprised them. They win because the Hessians are drunk, sleep, and surprised. It boosted morale and energized the revolution.
British general John Burgoyne was to lead his army south from Canada and he was stopped and surrounded by 6000 Confederate soldiers and while waiting for reinforcements. They attacked and he surrendered with 5700 British soldiers. Known as the "Turning Point of the War" because the colonists showed they could fight a trained army. Valley Forge
No war was fought, but they were so cold they almost disbanded. It proved to be important training for the soldiers in discipline and togetherness. Cowpens
It was a victory by the Continental Army forces under General Daniel Morgan in the Southern Campaign of the American Rwvolutionary war over the British Army led by Colonel Banastre Terletto. The battle was a turning point in the war’s Southern campaign. Yorktown
Cornwallis and his 27000 man army were standing on the Yorktown Peninsula in Virginia and was attacked by Americans and they were attacked. Cornwallis surrendered before the British could save them. This was the last battle in the American Revolution and it marked America's victory were the British.
Causes and Outcomes of the Revolution
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