HIS 379 The Atlantic World
8 Jun 2013
Nationalism and revolution often go hand in hand. Yet, while nationalism might lead to revolution, and perhaps national independence, it is much broader than revolution, and one should not be confused with the other. “All nationalists believe that nations can be identified by certain characteristics that all its citizens hold in common. These characteristics include the linguistic, ethnic, religious, or historical traditions that make a nation distinctive. All nationalists…are linked across time by [a common] language, literary tradition, and history” (Gelvin 2011).
Atlantic Revolution What the American Revolution had in common with the Atlantic Revolution is that it wasn’t one single event or conflict that lead to uprisings everywhere. They were interconnected sharing common political vocabulary and strong democratic character” Where the American Revolution sought to create a new republic the Atlantic republics wished to recreate a new society from scratch. The American Revolution started a Trans-Atlantic Age revolution.
Discovery of the New World It all began with the discovery of the New World by Columbus is 1492, which happened on behalf of Castile which was the Spanish crown. Prior to this discovery Europe had switched from the Feudalist system to the Capitalist system. Nationalism in Europe fueled the desire to control colonies in Asia and Africa. Finding a new route to the orient was the goal, when the Americas were discovered. The “Atlantic revolution,” was the redirection of trade routes brought about by the great geographic discoveries. The Atlantic revolution, however, did not so much replace the old lines of medieval commerce as build upon them” (Britannica). The European merchant capitalism formed a framework that became a joint venture for Europe, Americas and Africa. One that was founded upon coerced labor in which all contributed to the vast complicated network known as the Atlantic economy. “While not equal in power, each was critical in the contribution to the construction of the Atlantic world”(Benjamin 2011).
Atlantic World By 1607 the first English settlement in America was set in Jamestown Virginia. Only Seven out of Ten settlers remained in the New World, due to starvation, harsh living conditions and wars with the Natives. The natives who had traded food for death were fighting two enemies disease and setters. Diseases such as malaria, small pox, scarlet fever and influenza wiped the Natives out. Creating a shortage of labor in the creation of the New World. When Columbus first arrived, he brought Horses. These horses were traded to Native Americans which helped change the face of hunting forever. This allowed the Natives to move from hunting parties requiring several men that lasted days to one hunter on horseback. The New World gave the Old World tobacco, cocoa, beans, tomatoes, corn and potatoes. Both Corn and potatoes became the food of the poor after Europe came out of the epidemic known as Black Death. Although no cure for the countless diseases on both sides of the New and Old Worlds. “The retreat of the plague left Europeans with only war, hunger and a raft of other infections to deal with. ”
Economy The Columbian Exchange brought the Europeans wealth and power. The combined animal and plant products from the Indies exceeded gold and silver in value. While it brought the native Americas an unequal exchange of food for diseases that...
References: Adams, J. (2010, May). Towards Revolution Classroom Handouts. Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us6.cfm
Benjamin, T., Hall, T., & Rutherford, D. (2001). The Atlantic World in the Age of Empire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Carnes, M. C. & Garraty, J. A. (2008). The American nation: A history of the United States (13th ed.). New York: Pearson Longman.
CODE NOIR. (2008). In Africa and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/entry/abcafatrle/code_noir
Gelvin, J. L. (2011). The Modern Middle East. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.
Sanders, G. (n.d.). Prison University Project. Retrieved from The Problem of the 20th Century is the Color Line: http://www.prisonuniversityproject.org/pages/events/openline/gregsanders.html
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