Points Possible: 80
Of the following three questions, answer two of your choice.
1. Evaluate this statement: "The South did not lose the Civil War; the North won the conflict." Your answer should discuss the different war strategies of the two sides, the political and military leadership of North and South, and ways in which both sides conducted the war from 1863 to 1865. It should also discuss political, social, and economic homefront issues that may have influenced the outcome of the war.
"The South did not lose the Civil War; the North won the conflict." Many consider the civil war to be a conflict over states rights and big government. Slavery was a major social issue that many Christians felt was wrong, but it was only part of the equation. The production of the south was growing larger than that of the north due to their fertile land and slavery. Southern merchants began to trade with the British and French through Charlestown, SC cutting out the merchants of New York. This was not acceptable to the North, who used slavery as a reason for aggression after the South seceded.
The United States split in two would be a favorable situation for the European powers as it would be easier to conquer. The south producing more than the North put the North’s wealth at risk. Slavery became the scapegoat of the whole conflict of the reclaiming of the south. Slavery, although an important issue, was not the whole reason for war. 2. Compare and contrast proposed plans for reconstruction using Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (Links to an external site.), his Last Speech (Links to an external site.), "The Politics of Andrew Johnson (Links to an external site.)," and Thaddeus Stevens's Speech of December 18, 1865 (Links to an external site.). How did these plans differ from each other in terms of slavery, race relations, and the treatment of the South and southern whites? How did differing visions and political approaches influence the clash